Jerome: `John, the apostle whom Jesus most loved, the son of Zebedee and brother of James the apostle, whom Herod, after the Lord's passion, beheaded, was the last one to write a Gospel, at the request (rogatus) of the bishops of Asia, against Cerinthus and other heretics and especially against the then growing doctrine of the Ebionites
, who asserted that Christ did not exist before Mary.
Elsewhere she suggests that some of the anti-Christian polemic in the Qur'an comes from the perspective of the Judeo-Christian Ebionite
Often the martyr was regarded as an apostate by his brethren, and the Carpocratian Christian expired beneath the sword of the Roman executioner, excommunicated by the Ebionite
Christian, that which Ebionite
was anathema to the Sabellian.
26) Criticisms of this modern approach to theology by Kahler, among others, raised the question of whether reliance on the critical-historical method inherently leads to an Arian or Ebionite
Christology - with the presupposition of a Christology by degree rather than kind.
also frames much of his discussion in terms of Barth's presentation of both an Ebionite
and a docetic Christology.
and Docetic Christology, which Torrance rejected because of their dualistic presuppositions, are introduced without explaining their meaning.
This, the Ebionite
position, is exactly what Irenaeus is combating in Adv.
appeals to docetic and Ebionite
Christology, nominalism, pantheism, panentheism, Pelagianism, and gnosticism instead of undertaking the more difficult task of critiquing without using -isms.
At least as far back as Justin Martyr, possibly influenced by the Ebionite
Gospel,(187) fire and light were associated with the Jordan.
2) Bavinck (2011) has noted that in the past some, such as the Ebionites
and the Gnostics, have argued that this was Christ's role.
Giesler (1820), who had a profound influence on Baur, credited Semler with being "the first to express the opinion that the Nazoraenes and Ebionites
made up the same party ('Einer Partey')" (p.
Nowadays it has become almost conventional in this connection to propose the view that one or other "Jewish-Christian" community, such as the ancient Nazarenes, Ebionites
, or Elkasites, were present in Arabia, and that they exercised a decisive influence on Muhammad and the Qur'an.
She considers it Jewish rather than Christian, or perhaps stemming from Jewish Christian milieux such as those of the Ebionites
Until the fourth century, sects of Christians (early on, the Ebionites
, and later, the School of Antioch, most importantly Diodorus of Tarsus and Nestorius) believed that Jesus was the biological son of Mary and Joseph and the adopted son of God.
Additional chapters explore specific events and groups that shaped this history, such as the Christian change of the Sabbath from Saturday to Sunday, the enigmatic Christian sympathizers with Judaism known as Godfearers, and the mysterious Torah-observant Christian sects of Ebionites