We believe that this simple change in NICU practice may have significant benefits for ELBW
infants have a higher incidence of ROP in China which highlights the need to optimize neonatal care for these infants.
Mean values of mother's age for LBW, VLBW, and ELBW
groups were 29.17.1, 32.46.7, and 30.88.4 years respectively ((p=0.05).
An objective of the initiative was to cohort ELBW
infants in a single location physically separated from the main NICU, and to recognize that progressive changes in unit culture were essential for successfully shifting the practice model.
(23,24) At the same time, the number of ELBW
or LBW children in the world have progressively increased due to the increasing survival rate of ELBW
or LBW infants and the increase in the LBW rate.
Inoltre abbiamo ricercato i parametri predittivi alla nascita di sviluppo di disabilita motoria tra i seguenti fattori di rischio, selezionati sulla base delle evidenze riportate in letteratura: sesso (maschio/femmina), eta gestazionale (molto/estremamente pretermine), peso alla nascita (VLBW/ ELBW
), ventilazione meccanica, BPD, IVH di III-IV grado.
Movement and motor development in ELBW
infants at 1 year is related to cognitive and motor abilities at 4 years.
Early bubble CPAP and outcomes in ELBW
Extremely low birth weight newborns (ELBW
), < 28 weeks of gestation, demonstrated lower expression of innate immune receptors TLR2, TLR4, CD14, and MD-2 on neutrophils .
Likewise, it has been shown that these difficulties are especially noticeable in the so-called very low birth weight (VLBW; weight [less than or equal to] 1500 g) and extremely low birth weight (ELBW
; weight [less than or equal to] 1000 g) preterm children, and is more pronounced when the preterm children start school (Bhutta, Cleves, Casey, Cradock, & Anand, 2002; Bohm, Smedler, & Forssberg, 2004).
The information base to scientifically support (Ledbetter & Juul 2000, Lucas, Bloom & Aynsley-Green 1986) the definition of nutritional needs of neonates, especially for extremely low birth weight (ELBW
) (< 1000 gram) neonate is quite limited for most specific nutrients (Gross et al., 1993).
"Rehospitalization of Extremely Low Birth Weight (ELBW
) Infants: Are There Racial/Ethnic Disparities?" Journal of Perinatology 25 (10): 656-63.
Neurodevelopmental outcomes and resource utilization of ELBW
In late 2008, one pulse oximetry manufacturer developed the first non-adhesive pulse oximetry sensor designed for extremely low birth weight (ELBW
) infants, weighing less than 500 grams to 1,000 grams.