These early dystopias
showed young men, and sometimes even young women, facing down dangers in their fallen worlds with determination and commitment.
The book comes to terms with a genre that appears to be, if anything, broadly conceived: while the sheer length of the project suggests that it might have benefited from editorial discretion, the ethos of dystopia
lends itself to varied applications and interpretations.
This new dystopia
from best-selling novelist Baldacci has all the elements needed to create a devoted teen following.
The production, distribution and consumption of food are also strictly controlled in these ecologically damaged dystopias
: the handmaids are given 'tokens' for particular food items and status determines consumption--in the kitchen, Martha (Janell McLeod) tells Kate they 'eat well here'.
Rulers of trashed-out dystopias
are typically wily, psychopathic warriors or crime lords, by the barren standards of their milieu better off than their constituency, but not by much.
Perhaps not coincidentally, an ideal young man shows up in other recent dystopias
, so dependably that he may welt need a defining term--Awesome Boyfriend, a kind of foil to Big Brother.
First of all, it reflects one significant move in current scholarship on dystopia--the desire to explore the distinctiveness of contemporary dystopias
as against the much hyped dystopias
of Zamyatin, Huxley, and Orwell.
in this group particularly engage in this debate.
Demonstrating Deleuze's own claim that literature is a form of health, Greg Hainge's "L'Invention du Troisieme Peuple: The Utopian Vision of Philippe Grandrieux's Dystopias
" (228-239) also questions the utopian/ dystopian dichotomy by analyzing the "distinctly utopian resonance" (229) of La Vie nouvelle (2002) as the vision of a new world, albeit originally based on the violence and evil of a diseased state.
George Orwell, Aldous Huxley, Yevgeny Zamyatin, Ayn Rand, and other gifted writers have created fictional dystopias
that illustrate totalitarian methods at work.
Unlike many science fiction dystopias
, this one seems uncomfortably realistic.
Sometimes they are fictional islands, presented as utopias or dystopias
, places of exile or refuge, mirrors of society or propaganda weapons.
Two other stories are dystopias
: one about two brothers who are ensorcelled by the money they find in the apartment of a dead, miserly housemaid, and the other about the breakdown of a community of pet shop animals who fail to value their commonalities while insisting on their species-and specious-differences.
While the dystopias
of the East -- those describing (either directly or in a camouflaged manner) not a society of the future but the workings of a Soviet-style regime -- are interesting, here the author could have been less generous in her application of the term 'dystopia
', and certainly could have used more judgement in discussing books which just cannot be compared with the quality of Zamiatin, Huxley and Orwell.
Since the early '90s, he has evinced his unmistakable affection for dystopias
in his signature works--tabletop models of stagnant waterways and desolate strips of interstate.