Key Words: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension, dural ectasia
of the optic nerve sheaths, proptosis
A number of radiographic features identifying dural ectasia
have been suggested including a dilatation of the dural sac with the diameter of the thecal sac at S1 level greater than the diameter at L4 level,[sup.
Patients with dural ectasias
leading to CSF leakage into the subdural or epidural space classically present with orthostatic headaches and cranial nerve deficits mostly seen in cranial nerves V-VIII.
and back pain: review of the literature and case report.
MRI proved helpful in demonstrating the anatomical changes like the presence of AAD, and other features of mesodermal dysplasia viz, cervical kyphoscoliosis, vertebral wedging, posterior scalloping and dural ectasia
, that were present in our case.
Rarely, it may be caused by dural ectasia
(Figs 8a-c), arachnoid cysts or lateral thoracic meningocoeles.
Those with Marfan syndrome have a greater chance of spontaneous pneumothorax, striae atrophicae, recurrent or incisional hernia, and lumbosacral dural ectasia
Additionally, at least 1 of the following major manifestations must be present: ectopia lentis, aortic dilatation/dissection and dural ectasia
Nervous system--If dural ectasia
(swelling of the covering of the spinal cord) develops, medication may help minimize any associated pain.
Nervous system--Although there is no way to prevent dural ectasia
from developing, medication may help minimize any associated pain.