A pair of unacquainted crayfish will readily form a dominance relationship
, even in the absence of resources other than space (Bovbjerg, 1953; Herberholz et al.
Then Proposition 2 follows from the well-known results about stochastic dominance relationships
and the fact that [?
The experimental design called for 2 test series: first when the males of a pair were unfamiliar with each other (naive) and, second, after they had established a dominance relationship
g]; (3) otherwise, there is no dominance relationship
between the two settlements.
Furthermore, clear dominance relationships
between kangaroo rat species have been described by Blaustein and Risser (1976) and Bleich and Price (1995).
When an increase in risk is characterized by a shift of the distribution function that is represented by a stochastic dominance relationship
, the level of utility under the stochastically dominated distribution must fall.
A clear dominance relationship
was evident from the first observational session and persisted unchanged throughout the experiment (Fig.
The first fight served to establish the dominance relationship
, the second (1 h later) was used to confirm that relationship, and the third (either 1, 4, or 7 days later) was used to determine how long the effects of the initial two fighting periods continued to influence subsequent fighting behavior.
Analyzing dominance relationships
by sociometric methods: a plea for a more standardized and precise approach in farm animals.
The pattern of social relationships between group members, particularly the coalitionary relationships and the more tolerant dominance relationships
between males, can be understood as a defence strategy against group invasion by extraneous males (Perry 1997, 1998).
An intricate network of deferential and dominance relationships
, tempered by the possibility of modest advances in status, corresponded well to the finely measured nuances of achievement implied by the rhetoric of capacity.
The book addresses such topics as behavioural differences between males and females, brain-to-body ratios, how juveniles learn to integrate with the group and learn the complexities of social conflict and dominance relationships
Bergman of the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia and his colleagues wanted to know whether female baboons could also discern dominance relationships
between members of their own family and those of other families in the same community.
As Marler (1955b) found with chaffinches, we were sometimes able to shift the birds' dominance relationships
by color manipulations.
Effects of cohesiveness on intersexual dominance relationships
and spatial structure among group-living virtual entities.