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  • noun

Synonyms for dolmen

a prehistoric megalithic tomb typically having two large upright stones and a capstone

References in periodicals archive ?
By contrast, in areas of sedimentary cover, these monuments are scarce, with a few sites in the calcareous sandstone of the coastal mountains of Jaizkibel --5 dolmens and 6 cromlechs--and Mendizorrotz --5 dolmens and 3 cromlechs--, as well as in the limestone of the Aralar Mountains--more than 50 dolmens and 2 cromlechs--, Andia--6 cromlechs and 12 dolmens--and Urbasa--1 cromlech and 23 dolmens--, in addition to the possible ruined dolmens inventoried as burial mounds in the last two areas (Barrero et al, 2005).
4, between points 5 and 9): 2 dolmens, 3 non-excavated burial mounds and 15 cromlechs have been observed in Laurina-Mendimotz; 7 dolmens, 4 non-excavated burial mounds and 50 cromlechs in Urkulu-Irati; 11 dolmens, 3 non-excavated burial mounds and 1 cromlech in the Sierra de Abodi; 2 burial mounds in Larrau-Otsogorrigana; and 10 dolmens, 4 non-excavated burial mounds whose real nature is unknown and 1 cromlech in the Belagua area in the north-eastern extreme (Barrero et al., 2005).
In addition to the above-mentioned cases of Abodi and Belagua, the Igoin-Akola and Landarbaso (Gipuzkoa) mountain chains with Palaeozoic lithologies had 15 dolmens and no cromlechs (Fig.
Daraa, southern Syria, (SANA)- Several dolmen tombs dating back to the 5th Millennium BC or the Stone--Copper Age (the Eneolithic Age) have been unearthed in several sites in southern Syria such as Ein Zakkar, Tsil, al-Bakkar and Jibilieh to the west of Daraa, in addition to al-Maysara, southeast Daraa.
The dolmen means "stone table" or the "holy cemeteries".
Damiyah, located in the northern Jordan Valley, is home to hundreds of dolmens, megalithic table-shaped block formations, which some experts believe may date back to the Chalcolithic period, around 4500-3500 BC.
Although their exact usage is in dispute, many believe the sandstone and travertine dolmens were used as burial chambers.
The dolmens are believed to date from the early Iron Age, from the 11th to sixth centuries BCE, and typically are constructed of huge hewn shapes of stone placed together to form low-rise structures, which, archeologists tell us, served as tombs.
Some archeologists hold that the areas where the dolmens are found, not only Sakar but also the Eastern Rhodopes and Strandzha, were occupied by the Odrisi, a Thracian tribe, agriculturalists (said also to have developed metallurgical skills, hence the precious metals legacy on display in Bulgarian museums) who lived variously in relatively large communal settlements and otherwise in much smaller villages.
Celt theory, maintained in the seventeenth and eighteenth century by British antiquarians such as John Aubrey and William Stukeley, considered dolmens as the scene of rituals and cruel sacrifices of Gaelic tribes that were described by Roman chroniclers such as Tacitus or Julius Caesar.
Thus dolmens or "Moor huts" were made by the Saracens, who walked about with a stone on their head and another under each armpit: when they got tired they sat on the ground and thus the megalith was built.
This dolmen, located close to the village of Valverde, is considered among the tallest funerary monuments in the world and the largest dolmen in the Iberian Peninsula.