(32) In Christo-logical terms, this is the aspect of Christ we call "human." The orthodox tradition has persistently insisted, against gnostics and Docetists
in every epoch, that Christ's fleshly humanity was real and not merely a mask.
Christians are practical docetists
In our self-congratulatory piety we become docetists
, unable to see that following the Incarnate Christ ipso facto entails the necessity of thinking deeply about the God-ordained character of social life.
The communities to which he writes, apart from Rome, seem to be facing serious doctrinal division, from Judaizers on one side to Docetists
on the other.
Or did he simply appear to be human, as the Docetists
As for the Pope's heresy, Manning identifies John Paul II with the second century Docetists
, who argued that Jesus was a spirit having only the appearance of a body and therefore only seeming to suffer and die.