Glued joints constructed with pine plywood and OSB used in this study showed more resistance to lateral shear load than direct withdrawal load.
Direct withdrawal strength of multi-staple joints in pine plywood.
Resistance of southern yellow pine to direct withdrawal of staples.
Direct withdrawal strength of single-staple joints in pine plywood.
1]/2 + w/3 + e/3) X T, where T = the ultimate direct withdrawal
force of a single dowel, w = the width of the rail, e = the distance from the rail centerline to the neutral axis, and [d.
The typical load-displacement curve for direct withdrawal
of a nail is reported in the Wood Handbook (USDA 1999).
To study direct withdrawal
strength and stiffness of single dowel joints in solid wood, Eckelman (1969) tested end-to-side-grain and end-to-end-grain joints.
The first purpose of this study was to determine the direct withdrawal
strength of staples in plywood and OSB.
As part of this study, the resistance of SYP to direct withdrawal
of various fasteners, such as staples, dowels, and screws, common in the furniture frame construction was evaluated.
Little information is available to characterize the strength properties of direct staple withdrawal in plywood, especially the additive effects of staples on the direct withdrawal
strength of multi-staple joints.
Effects of staple penetration depth, staple gage, ply grain orientation, and staple crown orientation on the direct withdrawal
strength of single staples from the sides and ends of five-ply pine plywood were investigated.
1]/2 + w/3 + e/3)T, where T = the ultimate direct withdrawal
strength of a single dowel, w = the width of the rail, e = the distance from the rail centerline to the neutral axis, and [d.
We understand the alleged theft was uncovered after the employee was caught making direct withdrawals
from a Woodland Heights account.
Purchases can be made using a variety of payment options, including direct billing to the customer's cellular phone statement, charges to a credit or debit card, or even through direct withdrawals
from the customer's bank account.
Administrative agent duties also include bank account management and calculation services - to establish and maintain accounts, direct withdrawals
and transfers, and provide reports and other information as needed.