Canada is a decentralized federation
whose 14 member governments (including the territories) have huge powers and responsibilities.
The discussion above implies that if there exist other externalities between countries, in addition to those attributable to the environment, then the federal level in a decentralized federation
may lack the proper policy instruments to fully internalize these other inefficiencies.
Now we have a prime minister from western Canada who, philosophically, feels comfortable with a looser, more decentralized federation
. On a more mundane level he would also like to win many more seats in Quebec.
In a 2005 paper, the Royal Society of Canada said: "Put simply--no doubt too simply--we have had a continuing tug of war between a vision of a more decentralized federation
(in which provincial autonomy is intact but with less commitment to national sharing), and more centralization (in which the federal government develops and determines national norms and redistributes income).
Ireton also forms part oflan Gentle's discussion of the various "Agreements of the People," in which he illustrates how this key Leveller text changed between 1647-49, moving from calls for enfranchisement and political realism to a "quixotic vision of a radically libertarian England, a decentralized federation
of the localities" (174).
In contrast, the Democrats are still a decentralized federation
of state parties, united by little more than "partisanship" in the narrowest sense.