Darwinism


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a theory of organic evolution claiming that new species arise and are perpetuated by natural selection

References in periodicals archive ?
Darwinism Evolving is a history of the life, times, and fate of one of science's most important ideas.
It is divided into four sections: Nature's Diversity and the Research Site of the Pacific (5 chapters), Exchange Networks and the Organization of Research (3), Natives, Colonials and Anthropologists (4) and Social Darwinisms (4).
In an analogy that runs through the book, Dennett likens Darwinism to a "universal acid," an allusion to childhood lore about an acid so corrosive that it eats through everything (including the jar in which you desperately try to contain it).
However, as Webb points out, both the fundamentalists and adherents of Scottish Common Sense philosophy were of the same cloth; they rejected Darwinism as "guesses" that could not actually be witnessed.
The project, known as "A Scientific Dissent From Darwinism," was first launched by the Discovery Institute in 2001.
Given the title Darwinism as Religion, we expect Michael Ruse's latest book to provide a critical, historically based assessment of how Darwinism has, since the publication of On the Origin of Species, taken on the forms and roles inhabited by religion--as a source of meaning and a guide to human morality, as a lens through which to view the "big" questions of meaning in life.
Beginning with the concept of God and the origin of the universe, the author contends that some creative writers like Thomas Henry Huxley, nicknamed Darwin's 'bulldog,' wanted to replace the old Christian theology with the new scientific theology of Darwinism. It is noted that, like Christians, evolutionists struggle to explain the origin of the universe.
Darwinism, the word used for the theory initiated by the British naturalist Charles Darwin, first appeared in 1860.
Although Hitler's racial ideology is often associated with social Darwinism, "most scholars of Hitler's reign" Richards finds, "don't argue for a strong link between Darwin's biology and Hitler's racism, but they often deploy the vague concept of social Darwinism when characterizing Hitler's racial ideology." Some maintain that Haeckel was largely responsible for the bond between the academic sector and the emergence of racism in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
Darwin had not published in his day but if he had Paine would swiftly have spotted that far from there being a conflict between religion and Darwinism in fact religion, as we know it, actually is a form of Darwinism.
The researchers don't claim originality in deriving aesthetic and literary notions from the theories of evolution, but it is claimed with qualified assertion that the plays of GB Shaw in particular Arms and the Man bear the marks of Darwinism and Lamarckism which substantiate the originality of the study.
(4) Yet even as men were trying to conceal the consequences of their own theory, a number of suffragettes seized on Darwinism as a potent justification for their cause.
VICTORIA'S Secret model, Rosie Huntington-Whiteley is a big champion of Darwinism.
Mr Obama, hours earlier, had attacked the budget plan supported by Mr Romney and approved last month by House Republicans as "thinly veiled social Darwinism".
Johnson, associate professor of modern languages at Hampden-Sydney College, disputes a long tradition in which scholars deemed Friedrich Nietzsche's ideas compatible with Darwinism. Nietzsche's antipathy toward Christianity appeared to square with the agnosticism that Charles Darwin found inescapable.