Statement on cyanogenic glycosides
in bitter apricot kernels, http: //cot.
Advances in cyanogenic glycosides
biosynthesis and analyses in plants: A review.
Unlike linamarin and lotaustralin which are the cyanogenic glycosides
found in cassava plants, taxiphyllin in bamboo shoots is highly unstable and is easily decomposed when treated with boiling water.
The ingestion of cyanide or a cyanogenic glycoside
can trigger off a lot of toxic manifestations.
Dement and Mooney (1974) reported that cyanogenic glycoside
accumulation in Heteromeles arbutifolia leaves was at its maximum levels during the warm, moist months of spring and summer, when nitrogen is most available.
The screening was done to determine the presence of bioactive chemical components in the two plant samples such as alkaloids, antraquinones, cyanogenic glycosides
, unsaturated sterols, flavonoids and saphonins according to the standard protocols described previously [2, 6, 15].
Elderberry is generally a non-toxic plant however it contains cyanogenic glycosides
that are converted to hydrogen cyanide during digestion; the consumption of immature plants or high quantities of fruits may cause nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea.
Euphorbiaceae: Cyanogenic glycosides
are amino acid present in more than 2500 plant species, playing an important role in plant defense against herbivores due to their bitter taste and release of toxic hydrogen cyanide.
The stems, leaves, and seeds of apples, cherries, peaches, and apricots contain cyanogenic glycosides
that can cause vomiting and loss of appetite when eaten in large amounts.
The cyanogenic glycosides
linamarin and lotaustralin are known to be precursor compounds to the liberation of HCN on hydrolysis in cassava tissues.
Whole-bowel irrigation does offer an opportunity to completely cleanse the gastrointestinal tract of poisonous plant matter and should be reserved for patients who have ingested significant amounts of poisonous plant matter that will release toxins slowly over time in the gastrointestinal tract, such as apple or apricot kernels containing cyanogenic glycosides
or oleander seeds containing cardiotoxic glycosides.