This finding was consistent with previous reports, with symptoms typically starting 4-6 hours after ingesting a meal, as the cyanide is released upon digestion of the cyanogenic glycosides
Therefore, the present study was undertaken to optimize the cyanogenic glycoside
content of both the succulent and fermented bamboo shoot and to analyze their nutritional parameters.
Statement on cyanogenic glycosides
in bitter apricot kernels, http: //cot.food.gov.uk/sites/default/files/cot/cotstatementapricot200615.pdf.
Advances in cyanogenic glycosides
biosynthesis and analyses in plants: A review.
Unlike linamarin and lotaustralin which are the cyanogenic glycosides
found in cassava plants, taxiphyllin in bamboo shoots is highly unstable and is easily decomposed when treated with boiling water.
The ingestion of cyanide or a cyanogenic glycoside
can trigger off a lot of toxic manifestations.
Many cyanogenic glycosides
have been implicated in allelopathy (Rice, 1984).
Nahrstedt A (1992) The biology of the cyanogenic glycosides
: new developments.
and alkaloids were determined according to the technique described by Rosales (1989).
Cyanide, in the form of cyanogenic glycosides
(cyanide bound to a sugar molecule), is typically present in the vegetative tissues, fruits, and seeds of species in the genus Prunus (family Rosaceae), and might defend seeds against predation (Levin, 1976; Swain et al., 1992; Haque and Bradbury, 2002).
The screening was done to determine the presence of bioactive chemical components in the two plant samples such as alkaloids, antraquinones, cyanogenic glycosides
, unsaturated sterols, flavonoids and saphonins according to the standard protocols described previously [2, 6, 15].
Elderberry is generally a non-toxic plant however it contains cyanogenic glycosides
that are converted to hydrogen cyanide during digestion; the consumption of immature plants or high quantities of fruits may cause nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea.
Euphorbiaceae: Cyanogenic glycosides
are amino acid present in more than 2500 plant species, playing an important role in plant defense against herbivores due to their bitter taste and release of toxic hydrogen cyanide.
The stems, leaves, and seeds of apples, cherries, peaches, and apricots contain cyanogenic glycosides
that can cause vomiting and loss of appetite when eaten in large amounts.
The cyanogenic glycosides
linamarin and lotaustralin are known to be precursor compounds to the liberation of HCN on hydrolysis in cassava tissues.