In Habsburg Austria, including the Galician crownland, nationality was the chief issue around which politics revolved: the monarchy had to make special deals with the Magyars and Poles to compensate them for lost independence, the Czechs struggled with the Germans for control of Bohemia, and a government could fall because of the establishment of a Slovenian-language school in Styria.
When the Habsburg monarchy fell apart in November 1918, Poles and Ukrainians went to war over the eastern, largely Ukrainian-inhabited part of the former Austrian crownland. Outnumbered and underequipped, the Ukrainian Galicians were defeated in this struggle.
Meant to protest the neglect of women's political rights in recent imperial and crownland
legislation providing for universal male suffrage, Dulebianka's write-in campaign garnered over five hundred votes from an electorate of 12,000.
The author then presents the background to the 1871 negotiations showing how the Bohemian Crownlands
lost much of their state-rights and autonomy after the Battle of White Mountain in 1620, early in the Thirty Years' War, to be placed under the centralized rule of Vienna.
IN the case of Austria-Hungary, the outlying crownlands
of Galicia and Bukovina provided interesting subject material and views that would appeal to the adventurer who might travel to these parts.
Although the Music Division in Brno is best known for its Leos Janacek holdings, and is indeed housed in the organ school at which Janacek worked, Sehnal has devoted many years of an active career to research into Czech Baroque music from the period after the Thirty Years War; and since Bohemia and Moravia were then crownlands
of the Habsburg Empire, his work relates intimately and centrally to the history of music in Austria and adjacent German-speaking areas in that period.
It became a political agenda in many parts of Europe during the next century: The Hungarian Honved, for instance, was deliberately revived on an old model after the Austro-Hungarian compromise of 1867 to promote Magyar supremacy in the "crownlands
(5.) Upper Austria, which is part of the Republic of Austria today, was one of the crownlands
of the Habsburg Monarchy.