The notion that the Creek confederacy
only numbered 10,000 would be at odds with Robert Leckie  that in 1800 the Creek Nation was pushing 30,000 and could cumulatively field 7,000 warriors, and both tribes generally had 1/5th of their population half-blood white and Indian by the end of the colonial era.
John Reed Swanton, Social Organization and Social Usages of the Indians of the Creek Confederacy
, Bureau of American Ethnography Annual Report 42 (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1928), 54.
The author attempts in just nine pages to provide a historical overview of Creek country and trace the development of the Creek confederacy.
A map plots the location of each of the eighty-plus towns in the Creek confederacy, and Ethridge gives detailed descriptions of town life and social structure.
Increasing pressure from the federal government to turn Creeks into American-style farmers and increasing pressure to turn Creek homelands into American real estate produced escalating tensions, not only between Creeks and outsiders, but also within the Creek confederacy.
The term "banished" shows up most often in the account of the British-Creek treaty negotiation of May 1733 in which several headmen from the Creek confederacy traveled to Savannah to meet Oglethorpe and used this word to define Tomochichi's place within the larger sovereignty.
Modern studies with their emphasis on the fluidity of the Creek confederacy offer a convincing explanation as to how Tomochichi could separate and form his own town but later reconnect with the older towns and the larger polity.
Within the Creek confederacy, therefore, Tomochichi was an aspiring leader of his town, not a full-fledged chief, or mico, as the Creeks referred to him.
69) At the end of this lengthy speech Chekilli acknowledged Tomochichi's position within the Creek confederacy and explained that
In fact, Alabama is either a Muskogean language or a dialect of a Muskogean language; in any case the nineteenth century Alabamas spoke both Alabama and Muskogee, the lingua franca of the Creek Confederacy.
but he never mentions that each of the towns of the Creek Confederacy belonged to one of two mutually antagonistic divisions and had virtually no ties with any of the towns of the other division.
In the last decades of the 18th century the internal organization of the Creek Confederacy
was revolutionized by Alexander McGillivray, the son of a Scottish trader.