Out of 125 patients, 68 (54.4%) of the patients had cranial nerve
Although cranial MRI without contrast is generally normal, approximately 86% of patients with OM have transient contrast enhancement of the affected cranial nerve
in MRI with contrast (1).
In order to visualize and analyse different segments of various cranial nerves
, right sequences must be used.
Therefore, the use of two-dimensional images for teaching neuroanatomy can lead to misinterpretations on the origin of the cranial nerves
, added to this the use of some terms that are not registered in official Terminology Anatomical.
In this article, a patient who presented with multiple cranial nerve
palsies and was diagnosed with RHS and VZV encephalitis is discussed.
Schwannomas often settle in the parapharyngeal space of the neck and mostly arise from the 10th cranial nerve
. Schwannomas that settle in this region are usually encountered as medial neck masses, and schwannomas that originate from the cervical or brachial plexus as lateral neck masses (5).
Neurological examination revealed bilateral hypoglossal nerve palsy with marked tongue atrophy, more prominent in the left side (Figure 1) with tongue fasciculations and without other cranial nerve
palsies or pyramidal weakness.
(2) OAS can lead to dysfunction of the ophthalmic branch of the trigeminal nerve (cranial nerve
V1), oculomotor nerve (cranial nerve
III), trochlear nerve (cranial nerve
IV), abducens nerve (cranial nerve
VI), and optic nerve (cranial nerve
We detected neither RNA nor antigen for Zika virus in any autopsy specimens tested (Zika virus RT-PCR, cranial nerve
VII, sciatic nerve, and spinal cord including cauda equina; IHC, brain, spinal cord, sciatic nerve, and multiple solid organs).
MRI has become the most useful diagnostic tool in the localisation, diagnosis and management of the nuclear and infranuclear lesions of 3, 4, 6 cranial nerves
The electrode placement is assisted with a transillumination technique, and also is based on known neuroanatomic landmarks for branches of cranial nerves
V VII, and IX, along with branches of the occipital nerve (Clin Med Diagnostics.
The Food and Drug Administration has cleared a medical device that applies electrical stimulation to cranial nerves
in order to reduce opioid withdrawal symptoms.
The NSS-2 Bridge connects to the ear and radiates tiny electrical pulses through four cranial nerves
to reduce symptoms of opioid withdrawal such as nausea, anxiety, and aches.
Congenital cranial dysinnervation disorders are primary or secondary muscle dysinnervation disorders arising from congenital developmental anomalies or complete absence of one or multiple cranial nerves
. They are nonprogressive and may be sporadic or familial.
According to the clinical symptoms and existing MR findings, the case was accepted as lymphomatous involvement of cranial nerves
in the MCL.