cosmid

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(genetics) a large vector that is made from a bacteriophage and used to clone genes or gene fragments

References in periodicals archive ?
As primeiras constatacoes de Cosmides e Tooby (1992) foram de que em relacoes que envolviam o raciocinio logico e abstrato, menos de 25% dos estudantes acertavam na escolha dos cartoes, no exemplo, "A" e "3" (Figura 1.1).
Dichos mecanismos recordarian las distintas utilidades de una Navaja Suiza, en el sentido de estar organizados de forma modular; habrian sido disenados paulatinamente a traves de la seleccion natural; tendrian una base neurofisiologica determinada, y se activarian de forma relativamente automatica o inconsciente (vease, por ejemplo, Buss, 2005, 2007; Cosmides y Tooby, 1997; Tooby y Cosmides, 2005, para mas detalles).
Sin embargo, la objecion que se puede hacer a la mayoria de las caracterizaciones en oferta (en particular, las de Tooby y Cosmides, y la de Pinker) de que han debilitado tanto la nocion de modulo que finalmente la HMM queda vacia de contenido sustantivo tambien se aplica a TAM (para ser ecuanime, considero que la mejor defensa de la HMM se debe a Sperber 2002).
Na atualidade existem poucas evidencias de que o cerebro humano de um recem-nascido possa ser comparado a uma tabula rasa a espera de ser preenchido pela experiencia (Cosmides & Tooby, 2000; Pinker, 2002; Seidl de Moura, 2005).
See John Tooby and Leda Cosmides and my answer to them in SubStance.
More recently, psychologists have explored friendship formation within the framework of evolutionary psychology, tracing friendships to the ancestral conditions under which humans evolved (Tooby & Cosmides, 1996).
Researchers have shown that humans are equipped with cognitive adaptations for classifying people in social contexts (Kurzban, Tooby, & Cosmides, 2001).
"The theory is that people view the cast of characters of modem redistribution--'the poor' or 'the rich'--through the lens of a set of motives that evolved to regulate interactions with their ancestral counterparts, the 'worse-off other' and the 'better-off other,' " relates Leda Cosmides, professor of psychology and codirector of the Center for Evolutionary Psychology.
Thus, to test the energy-budget rule with humans some researchers have substituted point/monetary gains and earnings requirements for food intake and energy requirements, i.e., established what may be called an "earnings budget" (Deditius-Island, Szalda-Petree, & Kucera, 2007; Ermer, Cosmides, & Tooby, 2008; Mishra & Fiddick, 2012; Mishra, Gregson, & Lalumiere, 2012; Mishra & Lalumiere, 2010; Pietras & Hackenberg, 2001; Pietras, Locey, & Hackenberg, 2003; Pietras, Searcy, Huitema, & Brandt, 2008; Rode, Cosmides, Hell, & Tooby, 1999; Wang, 2002).
The tendency to categorize individuals on the basis of age, race, and gender emerges very early in life (see review in Kurzban, Tooby, & Cosmides, 2001).