Juntamente con Arecales, Commelinales
y Poales (APG II 2003, APG III 2009), las Zingiberales, integran el clado de las monocotiledoneas comelinoides, tratado como monofiletico sobre la base de la morfologia y la biologia molecular, como las secuencias rbcL, rbcL, atpB y 18S (Dalgren & Rasmussen 1983, Kress 1990, Chase et al.
The same trend emerges at angiosperm level based on our collective data: orbicules are common in the ANITA-grade and 85% of the monocots studied produce orbicules, with Orchidaceae, Commelinales
and Zingiberales as notable exceptions.
. The flowers of Cochliostema (Commelinaceae) are conspicuously asymmetric (Troll, 1961; Hardy & Stevenson, 2000a).
: Pontederiaceae), that was released recently in Florida (Tipping et al.
Asymmetry based on modification of elaborate monosymmetry is present in some monocots (among Asparagales, Commelinales
, and Zingiberales), some rosids (among Myrtales, and Fabales), and some asterids (among Lamiales, Asterales, and Dipsacales), and asymmetry by different anther height in otherwise polysymmetric, tubular flowers appears restricted to asterids (some Ericales, Gentianales, and Solanales).
Siguen morfologia, desarrollo y evolucion floral, evolucion del polen y monocotiledoneas acuaticas para entrar a las ponencias que tratan sobre los Ordenes Arecales, Asparagales, los grupos lilidos de Agavaceae y Xanthorrhoeaceae -- Alliaceae/ Amaryllidaceae, Iridaceae, Orchidaceae, Commelinales
, Dioscoreales, Lilia-les y Zingiberales.
: Pontederiaceae); lizard's tail, Saururus cernuus L.
As currently circumscribed (APG III 2009), the commelinid clade consists of four groupings: (1) Dasypogonaceae, (2) the palm clade Arecales, including a single species-rich family, Arecaceae, (3) the ginger/Tradescantia clade, including Zingiberales (eight families), Commelinales
(four families) and Hanguana, and (4) the expanded grass clade Poales sensu lato, which now includes 17 families, since Hydatellaceae are excluded (Saarela et al.
: Pontederiaceae), occurring along 500 km of highway from Xalapa to Villahermosa, in the lowland coastal plain of Veracruz state, the inflorescences were consistently visited by the flower fly, Lycastrirhyncha willistoni Coquillett (currently a synonym of L.
The appearance of a dimorphic perianth is variable throughout the commelinid monocots, and the transition from a monomorphic perianth to a dimorphic perianth appears to have occurred independently in the Commelinales
and the Zingiberales (Bartlett & Specht, 2010).
and Poales are not covered to any appreciable extent in the present paper, because they are crown groups that have already attained extensive vessel presence throughout the plant--a feature deserving of ecophysiological study, notably different from the presence of all-tracheid systems in monocots.
Polyphyly and convergent morphological evolution in Commelinales
and Commelinidae: evidence from rbcL sequence data.
undulatas Fowler & Turner  CHLORANTHALES Chloranthaceae Chloranthus spicatus  COMMELINALES
Commelinaceae Cochliostema odoratissima  CORNALES Hydrangeaceae Philadelphus coronarius L.