species diversity and abundance were determined from captures of adults made on (13.5 cm W X 20 cm H) yellow sticky card traps (Alpha Scents, West Linn, Oregon, USA).
Nevertheless, the individuals analyzed by these authors were gathered in field, and one of the characteristics of coccinellids
is polyphagia, therefore the pollen grains are alternative and/ or complementary food (Hoffmann and Fordsham, 1993; Iperti, 1999; Almeida and Ribeiro-Costa, 2009).
She said the PCA released 24,000 coccinellid
beetles in 2013 but these were insufficient, as pests started to destroy nearly 500,000 coconut trees in Quezon province alone.
(Coleoptera) of southeast Khorasan province, Iran, p: 326.
, aphids, and pollen diversified vegetable fields with transgenic and isoline cultivars.
The idea that coccinellid
flights end spontaneously over water has been suggested (Hagen, 1962; Hodek and Honek, 1996).
Predation by coccinellid
beetles: experiments on switching.
and syrphid fly showed a maximum population of 1.3 and 1.1 per plant in wheat monoculture respectively in the third week of March, The garlic (1.1/plant) and brassica (0.8/plant) showed maximum population while minimum population of coccinellid
recorded in berseem (0.6 per plant) and alfalfa (0.5 per plant).
Examples of this are the European red mite control by the native coccinellid
mite predator, Stethorus punctum LeConte (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) (Biddinger et al.
The knowledge about the bioecology of predator that aims at supplying the biological control programs is essential for optimize the mass production of these agents and thus provide insects for releases scheduled in an IPM program such as environmental conditions and diet offered, can influence in the metabolism of coccinellid
to provide nutritional support and influence in different vital functions of predator.
In Europe the populations of this coccinellid
have been intensively studied [6;7;8].
Cold-acclimation increases the predatory efficiency of the aphidophagous coccinellid