rather than declaring dividends, closely held corporations
To operate under these relaxed rules, some states require the corporation both qualify as a closely held corporation
(typically less than 50 shareholders) and elect "statutory close corporate" status.
1) While most closely held corporations
are small organizations, as the above list illustrates, many are large businesses.
469(c)(7)(D) applies this provision to closely held corporations
if more than 50% of the gross receipts of the corporation are derived from real property trades or businesses in which the corporation materially participates.
Management Structure of Typical Closely Held Corporations
The valuation of stock in a closely held corporation
is a difficult issue frequently argued before the courts.
Of course, in some closely held corporations
, the wage-earning shareholders have substantial discretion in determining their own salaries.
The IRS carefully scrutinizes transactions between closely held corporations
and their controlling shareholders to make sure such transactions benefit the corporations, not simply the shareholders.
Sunstate") dba Peach State Homes and its affiliated company, South Georgia Frames Unlimited ("South Georgia"), two closely held corporations
engaged in the manufacture and sale of single family homes.
In cases involving spouses and their closely held corporations
, the courts have held conflicting opinions on the answer to this question.
This may be particularly attractive for closely held corporations
The 1996 act lifts many of the prohibitive restraints in subchapter S corporation rules dating back to 1958 and expands the availability of S corporation status to many closely held corporations
that previously were ineligible.
The Internal Revenue Service guidelines for valuing stock in closely held corporations
are very general.
Although contingent compensation arrangements are often an indispensable part of the business world, they are subject to special scrutiny in closely held corporations
Buy-sell agreements can be valuable tools to closely held corporations
that seek to protect shareholders' ownership interests and increase the probability of achieving a long and successful operating life.