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a group of biological taxa or species that share features inherited from a common ancestor

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all possible indicators of the probability that future researchers will not recover the taxon" in analyses that disagree with the proposed classification; that is, the stability of the clade must be conserved, and (3) The phenotypic diagnosability criterion, which requires that the species-content of a taxon "can be easily grasped phenotypically by nontaxonomists.
Independent incursions into Canada were identified as lineages of the maximum clade credibility phylogeny stemming from a most recent common ancestor with a >90% posterior probability of occurring in Ontario, Quebec, or New Brunswick, according to discrete trait ancestral state reconstruction.
mesophaeum takes its position in the opposite Clade II (Fig.
To classify the Syinbiodinium clade of the Heliopora coerulea symbiont, a maximum likelihood (ML) phylogenetic tree was constructed using nucleic acid sequences of chloro-plast large subunit ribosomal DNA (cp23S).
2006) suggest that despite the gene flow caused by the countless human migrations and trade relations throughout the history, clade E is in general one of the most widely distributed clades.
In the Ficinia clade, Dracoscirpoides, Erioscirpus and Hellmuthia have perianth developed; a few species of Ficinia have remnants of a perianth (Vrijdaghs et al.
The morphological characteristics show an evolved aspect within Clade E lower globose and often internally proliferating sporangia (Marano et al.
The two clades compared did not show morphological difference (parwise discriminant analysis, P > 0.
Nevertheless, the placement in different molecular clades, significant separation in morphometric analyses and different number of autosomal arms between individuals of groups 1 and 3 in northern and southern distribution area of C.
Based on previous systematic studies of morphological data, Lutra and Lutrogale are often grouped together in the Lutrini clade, and Amblonyx is grouped with Aonyx in the Aonychini clade (van Zyll de Jong 1987; van Zyll de Jong 1991; Willemsen 1992).
The SD (Shandong) clade was mainly distributed in Shandong and neighboring regions and characterized by Hap1 while the LN(Liaoning) clade was mainly distributed in Liaoning and neighboring regions by Hap2 (Fig.
Sequence-divergence among haplotypes within clades ranged from 0.
With the availability of DNA sequence data and the analytical toolbox offered by phylogenetics and population genetics, it has become feasible to explicitly test hypotheses on the evolutionary origin of the cultivated species of Annonaceae, on the origin of phenotypic traits, on phylogenetic relatedness of congeneric species, and on centres of diversity and areas of origin of specific clades.
In contrast, Polycera alabe consists of three previously unrecognized, distinct clades with overlapping ranges.
The following nine species or species groups are Central American and Mexican lineages that do not or barely occur in South America but have unmistakable roots in South American clades of the same genus.