This anthology reveals the political and theoretical conflicts between sectors of the Left, the labor movement, and community organizers that ultimately limited and shaped the development of civil rights movements while also clarifying the role played by a militantly antiracist socialist, Communist, and radical democratic Left in obtaining economic and social goals that were further and more "anti-systemic" than the civil rights imagined by liberals.
This book edited by Baruch College (CUNY) professor Clarence Taylor is an anthology of historical studies that contributes to and continues the scholarly discussion into what civil rights movement scholars like Jacqueline Dowd Hall, Eric Arnesen, Sundiata Keita Cha-Jua, and Clarence Lang are debating is "the long civil rights movement".
However, the addition of the final two chapters by Wilbur Rich and Jerald Podair detailing the racial tensions in New York City during the Dinkins and Giuliani administrations don't work as well in trying to lengthen the reach of the civil rights movement into the present.
They don't think to call it the southern civil rights movement because the southern-ness of the movement is taken for granted.
The early civil rights movement in New York is the story of Jackie Robinson to Paul Robeson to Malcolm X, a trajectory from integrationist optimism to Black Nationalist critique, with a flourishing African American left at its center.
But it also described the signal problem of liberal politicians for the next 40 years: How to generate the same moral righteousness and authority that had animated the Civil Rights movement against more subtle problems and actors--poverty, the ghetto, health care, and social mobility.
The white, Southern journalist Taylor Branch (a Washington Monthly contributing editor) has just finished the last volume of his stunning, exhaustive three-part history of the Civil Rights movement, America in the King Years, which he has been working on for a quarter of a century.
However, the beginnings of a civil rights movement for blacks throughout Central and South America has come about fairly recently and Afro-Latinos are beginning to make some progress.
The son of Cuban and Puerto Rican parents says blacks in Latin America have an even lower standing socially than African Americans did prior to the Civil Rights Movement.
All that these groups and the gay and lesbian civil rights movement want are the same rights that everyone else has.
When the black civil rights movement began, notes the Washington libertarian, "all blacks were visible, and they all in some way represented their race.