Pathogenesis of Eustrongylides ignotus (Nematoda: Dioctophymatoidea) in Ciconiiformes
. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 29, 250-260.
occidentalis Linnaeus, brown I R pelican Family Phalacrocoracidae (cormorants) Phalacrocorax auritus (Lesson), I O double-crested cormorant Family Fregatidae (frigatebirds) Fregata magnificens Mathews, I R magnificent frigatebird Order Ciconiiformes
(herons, ibises, storks, and allies) Family Ardeidae (bitterns and herons) Ardea alba (Linnaeus), great I O egret Ardea herodias Linnaeus, great I C blue heron Botaurus lentiginosus (Rackett), I R American bittern Bubulcus ibis (Linnaeus), cattle I R egret Butorides virescens (Linnaeus), I C Butorides virescens (Linnaeus), green heron Egretta caerulea (Linnaeus), little blue heron I R E.
macularia in the order Ciconiiformes
; and Aphelocoma coerulescens, Catharus mustelinus, Dendroica discolor, Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus, Melospiza melodia, and Parus major in the order Passeriformes.
In this paper, I explore the issue of assessing and testing the homology of presumably innate behaviors and the practical problems associated with defining characters from behavioral observations, focusing on social display behaviors in storks (Aves: Ciconiiformes
tubifex (Nitzsch and Rudolphi, 1819) Jagerskiold, 1909, are known to occur in the New World; the definitive hosts of the former are piscivorous birds belonging to the orders Ciconiiformes
and Pelecaniformes and that of the latter are Gaviiformes, Anseriformes, Ciconiiformes
and Podicipediformes birds.
The Colpocephalum (Mallophaga: Menoponidae) of the Ciconiiformes
. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 58: 111-131.
Quantitative analysis of foraging habitat use by Ciconiiformes
in the upper Parana river floodplain, Brazil.
Prey were categorized into 11 relatively discrete groups (guilds) on the basis of body size and our observations of their behavior (Tables 1 and 2): 1) large wasps; 2) waterfowl (Anseriformes, Podicipediformes, and similar birds); 3) small raptors and scavengers (e.g., American kestrels Falco sparoarius and common ravens Cocoas corax); 4) shorebirds (Charadriiformes, except large Laridae); 5) waders and other large, non-anseriform waterbirds (e.g., Ciconiiformes
and large Laridae); 6) belted kingfishers (Ceryle alcyon); 7) aerially feeding white-throated swifts and Hirundinidae, especially violet-green swallows; 8) non-riverine terrestrial birds (e.g., Columbiformes and terrestrial Passeriformes); 9) unidentified birds; 10) bats; and 11) other terrestrial taxa (mammals and reptiles).
Six habitats are used for nesting in Laguna Cuyutlan: Mangroves on larger islands (pelecaniformes and ciconiiformes
); mangrove shrubs on islets (green heron); low islets in shallow water (black-necked stilt, laughing gull, royal tern, gull-billed tern, Forster's tern, and black skimmer); marsh (clapper rail); saltflats (snowy and Wilson's plovers and least tern); and patches of tropical deciduous forest (neotropic cormorant, black-bellied whistling-duck).
Familia Ardeidae Syrigma sibilatrix (Temmink) (chiflon).