Keywords: Compensated cirrhosis, Chronic viral hepatitis
C, Decompensated cirrhosis, Serum sodium level.
It is important to halt the death toll and improve the lives of people living with chronic viral hepatitis
B and C.
Dendritic cells in chronic viral hepatitis
B and C: victims or guardian angels?
In addition, studies in natural history of chronic viral hepatitis
indicated that the progression of pathophysiology conditions of patients with chronic hepatitis B is often accompanied with the histological changes of hepatic fibrosis instead of necroinflammation.
In order to establish the diagnosis of chronic viral hepatitis
B, elevated transaminases and positive HBs antigen should be identified for a 6 months period.
The test can also be used in early screening of patients with liver fibrosis infected with viral hepatitis, as well as for patients with chronic viral hepatitis
with or without HIV co-infection.
The World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates that nearly 400 million people have chronic viral hepatitis
worldwide and most of them do not know they are infected.
Current research is showing that 1 in 20 Pakistan-born people living in Britain have chronic viral hepatitis
yet many people go untested due to a lack of awareness by community members as well as GPs and medical sta.
A survey of adverse events in 11,241 patients with chronic viral hepatitis
treated with alpha interferon.
Despite these results their role in chronic viral hepatitis
is still unclear.
A previous comprehensive evaluation of viral hepatitis surveillance programs underscored the need for additional resources to achieve better investigation and case management of reported chronic viral hepatitis
Chronic viral hepatitis
C (HCV) is known to belong to multifactorial diseases, in the pathogenesis of which interaction of immunogenetic mechanisms and external factors (virus, intoxication) plays the important role.
Approximately 1 in 12 persons, or around 500 million people globally, have chronic viral hepatitis
and most of them do not know they are infected.
In summary, the most important points for grading and staging are the following: (1) the standard of care for reporting on biopsy specimens for chronic viral hepatitis
is to use words as well as corresponding numeric values derived from the application of a standardized system of grading and staging; (2), the grading and staging system used should be named explicitly in the pathology report to aid in understanding the meaning of the assigned numbers, especially across institutions; and (3), confluent necrosis is a reflection of "severe activity," and its presence may indicate comorbid conditions with important clinical implications (Table).
In the face of chronic liver injury--due to excess fat, chronic viral hepatitis
, or alcohol abuse, for example--stellate cells become activated and launch an inflammatory cascade that eventually results in the build-up of collagen scar tissue in the liver.