Key Words: forage quality, Mediterranean basin, Shrublands, gall oak, Christ's thorn.
Two deciduous species, Christ's thorn, and gall oak, are commonly found throughout the Mediterranean native shrub lands.
Changes in the nutritional composition (DM, Ash, CP, DMD, ME, Ca, and P) of gall oak and Christ's thorn were found significant while NDF, ADF and ADL did not indicate any significance between the months (Table 2).
DM in the Christ's thorn was at the lowest level in April, May and June and at the highest level in August and September.
Dry matter contents of gall oak and Christ's thorn were lowest in April and May, tending to increase in the following months reaching to maximum in November and December during which the leaves turned yellow.
Nutritional composition of gall oak and Christ's thorn in the Mediterranean shrubland (mean values, DM basis).
The garden comprises all the plant species mentioned in the Koran and those in the Hadith and the Sunnah; these plant species belong to three main ecological groups: desert plants, including bitter gourd, tamarisk, Christ's thorn
, toothbrush tree, senna, henna and camel's hay; Mediterranean plants : olive, common grape vine, fig tree, wheat, barley, black cumin, mustard, saffron, safflower, onion, garlic, watermelon and pomegranate; and tropical plants : agallocum, wild ginger and camphor tree.