Nucleotide sequence of the cox3 gene from Chondrus
crispus: evidence that UGA encodes tryptophan and evolutionary implications.
Population studies and carrageenan content have recently been performed on wild populations of Chondrus
crispus and Mastocarpus stellatus, the main species with industrial use and harvested in Galicia (Spain) [21, 22].
crispus, or Irish Moss, is an important source of mixed amino acids, magnesium, and sulfur.
An alternative to vegetative propagation was the use of artificial structures (channels, tanks) where the seaweed fragments float; in this case the system's higher technology and investment requirements led to the failure of the only large-scale experiment of this type ion a western country, cultivation of Chondrus
This idea is consistent with the results of Dudgeon and Johnson (1992), who reported that in order for Chondrus
crispus and Mastocarpus stellatus to continue to grow and survive in the same flow environment they must increase their mechanical strength, the cross sectional area of the stipe, or both, to withstand drag forces.
By grazing ephemeral filamentous algae, periwinkles facilitate colonization of larger fleshy macroalgae, such as fucoids and Chondrus
crispus (Lubchenco 1980, Lubchenco 1983, Scheibling et al.
Another natural compound found to stimulate the activity of keratinocytes (that improve cell growth) and to counteract the destructive forces of oxidation is Chondrus
crispus, a seaweed that grows in the Atlantic Ocean.
29TNF26: Leca de Pal meira, sobre Chondrus
crispus, 08-02-1997, I.
In situ measurements of hydrodynamic forces imposed on Chondrus
The growth of the sea urchins on algal turf was ensured by Chondrus
One is a special extract of Chondrus
crispus, a red seaweed found only in the cold waters off the Atlantic coast.
The red seaweed Chondrus
crispus uses an LAAO as a defense against infections by the green algal endophyte Acrochaete operculata (Weinberger et al., 2005; Weinberger, 2007).
Such evidence today exists mainly for the brown macroalgal order of the Laminariales (kelps) and for red macroalgae of the genera Gracilaria and Chondrus
They are: raspberry ketone glucoside; hesperidinase; harungana madagascariensis extract; undeceth-3; PEG-50 hydrogenated palmamide; PEG/PPG150/30 copolymer; decyl isostearate; tris(PPG-3 benzyl ether) citrate; and chondrus
Although clumping reduces drag in the related alga Chondrus
crispus (Johnson, 2001), Carrington (1990) found only mild drag-reducing interactions between groups of up to six closely packed thalli of M.