The light microscopic morphology of the accessory sex glands of chiroptera (Krutzsch, 2000) remains poorly known and only single report is available on the ultrastructure of the accessory sex glands of chiropteran
bat, Artibeus planirostris (Puga et al., 2013).
This not necessarily means the species is uncommon (Vonhof and Fenton, 2004), but shows that it is poorly captured with conventional techniques for chiropterans
, maybe due to its life history (Castano-Salazar et al., 2004).
aren't nearly as scary as vampire stories make them out to be.
Several studies have been conducted to refine the historically unclear phylogeny of chiropterans
within the family Vespertilionidae.
Bats are also called chiropterans
"Latin for winged hands." However, users of the word "bat" are not using it out of synonymy, they never use "chiropteran
" because it never satisfies the notion of hatred and criminality they feel.
We take the term echolocation from zoology, where it designates the guidance systems of cetaceans and chiropterans
(bats, for example) which, by emitting sounds and picking them up after they bounce off objects and obstacles, manage to navigate and move around without colliding.
However, the research revealed the existence of a bat that was naturally infected with Coccidioides posadasii and 2 other chiropterans
with coccidioidal immunologic responses.
We amplified partial sequences of cytochrome b using universal primers L14841 (Kocher et al., 1989) and H15547 (Edwards et al., 1991), whereas partial sequences of the control region were generated using primers designed for chiropterans
(e.g., CRP-L and CRFH; Wilkinson and Chapman, 1991).
As the chiropterans
share resources, especially food, they influence the dynamic of natural ecosystems, acting as seeds dispersers, pollinators and regulators of some animal populations.
As with many chiropterans
, there are limited data on the natural history and status of M.
Large groups of chiropterans
(bats) fly over marshes in the evening.
Consequently, loss of the competence for methanogens appears to be a synapomorphic (shared-derived) character because all chiropterans
, insectivores, and carnivores tested did not release significant amounts of methane from their feces.
are second largest and most diverse group of small mammals after Rodentia but least studied in Pakistan (Javid et al.
Examination of latitudinal gradients on assemblages of chiropterans
demonstrated that species richness and diversity significantly increased toward lower latitudes, while dominance and evenness did not show the same trend (Patterson et al., 2003).