The kinship between chattel slavery
and wage labor was frequently remarked in the ancient world, and they were often said to have identical psychological effects.
It took all of the 19th century, from Toussaint's Haiti in the 1790s to Lincoln's USA in the 1860, to Brazil and Cuba in the 1880s, to uproot chattel slavery
from the modern world.
They legitimated racialized chattel slavery
, restricted naturalized citizenship to 'white' immigrants, and provided pretexts for exploiting labor, seizing property, and denying the franchise to Asian Americans, Mexican Americans, Native Americans, and African Americans.
In "The Cause of the Civil War According to Confederate Leaders," Richard Shedenhelm sets forth, as he puts it, "three strong threads of evidence supporting the idea that the primary cause behind southern secession was the desire to maintain the institution of chattel slavery
From the 1772 Somerset case, which found chattel slavery
unconstitutional in England, through the abolition of the international slave trade in 1807, to the abolition of West Indian slavery in 1833 American abolitionists perceived that the English state and particularly non-conformists like the Quakers were sounder allies in the attack on American slavery.
It is not a stretch to say the emancipation of African-Americans was merely the transplanting of chattel slavery
from the cotton plantations to poor ghettos and prison blocks.
Instead his aim is to show how the ur-text of biopower and bare life (the holocaust) operated within the same ocean as settler colonialism, chattel slavery
and the middle passage.
For Western modernity and its attendant white supremacy, as manifested through the horrors of chattel slavery
, Jim Crow, lynching, colonialism, and mass incarceration, has demonstrated such dehumanizing behavior toward blacks that one would reasonably think it impossible for philosophical reflection to occur under such hostile conditions.
It was not even "legal" by the laws of European enslaver states, most of which had come to pass, in developments up to the 16th century, legislation abolishing, or at least severely restricting, slavery and outlawing chattel slavery
For all the high-sounding language about states' rights, the one they seemed to guard most jealously was the right to preserve the institution of chattel slavery
This period saw the brutal Spanish and Portuguese colonization of the Americas, the rise and heyday of the Atlantic slave trade and chattel slavery
, and the beginnings of the colonial projects of other European nations.
Beyond fervent opposition to chattel slavery
, what unites these diverse selections is a persistent religious element.
Uncle Julius offers then a historical revisionist perspective as his conjure tales ostensibly celebrate the colorful aspects of African American folklore while also revealing the inhumane practices of chattel slavery
At the movement's apogee in the early 1790s, radical celebration of revolutionary notions of equity exposed and problematized the hypocrisy of chattel slavery
in the United States.
It is true that chattel slavery
was eliminated in the United States after the Civil War.