Lord Charles Cornwallis
, faced 3,700 rebels (colonials) under the command of Gen.
WHEN BRITISH GENERAL LORD CHARLES CORNWALLIS
OCCUPIED THE "QUEEN CITY" OF CHARLOTTE, N.
, the local commander who wanted to defeat Washington in his own state of Virginia in April 1781, was finally ordered by Clinton in July to establish a base for the navy in Yorktown on the Chesapeake Bay.
In May 1781, the British field commander, Lieutenant General Lord Charles Cornwallis
, received his order from General Sir Henry Clinton in New York to establish a deep-sea port; Cornwallis chose Yorktown.
The indecisiveness and sensitive egos of the three primary British actors--Gen Henry Clinton, Gen Charles Cornwallis
, and Adm Marriot Arbuthnot--were particularly helpful to the American cause.
Nine hundred Patriot militiamen at King's Mountain killed or captured almost a thousand Loyalists marching to reinforce British General Charles Cornwallis
By focusing on the people and often prickly personalities leading the war from the British side (including its supporters--Lord George Germain, the two Generals Howe, General Henry Clinton, General Charles Cornwallis
, King George III--and its detractors--men like Charles James Fox), Stanley Weintraub urges his readers to consider the many ways that this war divided Britons, setting them not only against rebellious colonists but also against themselves in what was, he suggests, an ultimately unwinnable war.
On the British side, General William Howe receives low marks, while Generals Henry Clinton and Charles Cornwallis
emerge as the most adroit commanders in the war.
surrendered in 1781, the Revolutionary Army was supported by French troops and the French Navy, which blockaded the British from re-supply or evacuation.
Other sites include South Carolina's historic Camden Revolutionary War Site, which served as supply headquarters for Lord Charles Cornwallis
during the Revolutionary War and commemorates the battles of Camden and Hobkirk Hill.
The engagement set the stage for the region's liberation from enemy occupation and impelled British general Lord Charles Cornwallis
to take the ill-fated road that led him to final defeat at Yorktown, Virginia, seven months later.