Large tall-stemmed Palms are present at high elevation (1,800-3,000 m), represented by two genera, Ceroxylon
Leaf production is an important concern when considering that some palms such as Ceroxylon echinulatum (Anthelme et al.
2008), found a strong geographic structure in the genetic diversity of Ceroxylon echinulatum, with four highly differentiated subpopulations, two on either side of the Andes, with evidence of trans-Andean dispersal of Quaternary age (>0.
Only a few indigenous groups extract starch from Mauritia or Manicaria (Heinen & Ruddle, 1974; Wilbert, 1976) and the sweet medula of Ceroxylon is occasionaly used to feed pigs (Pintaud & Anthelme, 2008).
Large palms in the genera Attalea, Astrocaryum, Euterpe, Oenocarpus, Mauritia, Roystonea or Ceroxylon produce numerous large inflorescences that provide numerous large fruits.
2008) or indirectly by differential survival between sex in disturbed environments like pastures, as for Ceroxylon (Anthelme, Sanin & Pintaud, pers.
One positive example, however, is the apparently effective legal protection of species of Ceroxylon against overharvesting of leaves for ceremonial purposes (Galeano & Bernal, 2010).
Colombia's national tree: The wax palm Ceroxylon quindiuense and its relatives.
Historia Natural y Estado de Conservacion de Ceroxylon echinulatum en las Estribaciones Andinas Nor-occidentales.
oleracea beverage), seed (handicraft) Ceroxylon spp.
This was documented by Vergara (2002) and Vergara and Bernal (2002) for Ceroxylon alpinum.
In Ecuador, peasants that are not allowed to harvest spear leaves of Ceroxylon echinulatum replace the palms with income-producing crops (L.
even if a few initiatives have focused on this problem for Mauritia flexuosa in Peru (Manzi & Coomes, 2009), Ceroxylon in Ecuador (Montufar et al.
This is the case of Astrocaryum chambira (Holm Jensen & Balslev, 1995), Ceroxylon alpinum (Vergara, 2002), Copernicia prunifera (Johnson, 1970), Copernicia tectorum (Barrera et al.
1985b), and Ceroxylon echinulatum (Pintaud & Anthelme, 2008).