Affective and behavioral changes have been especially reported in cerebellar vermis
lesions in the literature, emphasizing the possible effects of cerebellar vermis
neurons in mood regulation (27).
in 1968, in four siblings with agenesis of cerebellar vermis
presenting episodic hyperpnea, abnormal eye movements, ataxia, and intellectual disability.
There is agenesis or dysgenesis of the cerebellar vermis
and isthmic portion of the brainstem.
Therefore, the present study evaluated the effect of THIO, an H3 histaminergic receptor antagonist, microinjected into the cerebellar vermis
on emotional memory consolidation in mice exposed to EPM testing.
Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy of the frontal lobe and cerebellar vermis
in children with a mood disorder and a familial risk for bipolar disorders.
1) This appearance is a result of absence or hypoplasia of the cerebellar vermis
, lack of normal dorsal decussation and consequent enlargement of the superior cerebellar peduncles which follow a more horizontal course as they extend perpendicularly to the brainstem between the midbrain and the cerebellum.
Hydrocephaly, Dandy Walker malformation and cerebellar vermis
hypoplasia (Picture 4) were found on cranial magnetic resonance (MR) imaging.
First, PFS is known to occur more commonly when the cerebellar vermis
is either affected by the original tumor or damaged during the resection surgical procedure (Ozgur et al.
DENVER -- Intermittent theta-burst stimulation of the cerebellar vermis
in patients with refractory schizophrenia is a safe, noninvasive therapy that resulted in significantly improved negative symptoms, cognition, and mood in a proof-of-concept study.
Brain sections recommended to establish a diagnosis in most cases of dementia include medulla, pons, midbrain, cerebellar vermis
, cerebellar hemisphere including the dentate, hippocampus and adjacent parahippocampal gyrus, basal ganglia (caudate, putamen, and globus pallidus), thalamus, middle frontal gyrus, inferior parietal lobule, occipital lobe, superior and middle temporal gyri, cingulate gyrus, spinal cord if available, and any detectable macroscopic lesions.
Abnormal development of the cerebellar vermis
in children prenatally exposed to alcohol: Size reduction in lobules I-V.
Seven single voxels, approximately 8 cc in volume, were positioned within the medial frontal gray matter, the left frontal white matter, left parietal white matter, the right temporal lobe at the superior temporal gyrus, the left basal ganglia, left cerebellar hemisphere (gray and white matter), and the cerebellar vermis
, respectively (Figure 1).
Figure 1 shows a prominent mass in the right pons with surrounding vasogenic edema affecting the right pons and both hemispheres of the anterior lobe of the cerebellum, with sparing of the cerebellar vermis
The disorder is characterised by agenesis (absence) or hypoplasia (underdeveloped) of the part of the brain called the cerebellar vermis
and a malformed brain stem.
The MRI detected a 5-cm cystic lesion in the cerebellar vermis