This increase in demand has led to a dramatic increase in rhino poaching, and subsequently two subspecies have been hunted to extinction in the wild within the past ten years--the western black (Diceros bicornis longipes), which was declared extinct in June 2013, and the northern white rhino (Ceratotherium simum
cottoni), last seen in Democratic Republic of Congo in 2008.
The white, or square-lipped, rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum
) wU mark its territory by excreting its dung in middens.
The white rhino's scientific name, Ceratotherium simum
simum, tells us that this animal is a flat-nosed (simum), horned (ceros) beast (therio).
ABSTRACT: I observed white rhinos (Ceratotherium simum) in Matobo National Park, Zimbabwe, perform a behavior previously undescribed for this species; males vigorously removed the bark from commiphora trees (Commiphora marlothii) with their horns, and then rubbed their head and rostrum on the debarked areas.
Key words: Ceratotherium simum, Commiphora marlothii, scent marking, sign-posting, tree rubbing, white rhinos, zoopharmacognosy
Territoriality in the white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) Burchell.
They include the black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis), the white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum
), and the Indian one-horned rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis), all large species found in savannah areas, and the smaller jungle rhinoceroses, the Java rhinoceros (R.