8) Inherent to Celticism
is the same power/knowledge symbiosis at work in Edward Said's concept of Orientalism.
is relevant not only to the study of the construction of a national identity or the establishment of national literatures, it is also a means by which these same literatures can be more cosmopolitan, as Leerssen emphasizes when he claims that it helps them to overcome the everpresent centre-periphery polarity: "for the story of Celticism
is more than the sum of Gaelic, Welsh and Breton stereotypes and nationalism, more than the sum of the peripheries' relations with their respective centres: it is also the story of these regions' sense of ethnic interrelatedness as 'Celts', and of the contacts between these peripheries mutually" (18).
Chapter 3 is, more nebulously, on 'Race' and, rather oddly in view of the title, deals with representations of peasant poverty, violence, and insanity, as well as fictional negotiations with the prevailing discourses of Celticism
43) For Gleizes, Celticism
was a form of 'primitivism' that meant a return to origins, either in the form of French gothic or the art of the Celtic world.
But in New Zealand, the figure of the Maori was also inflected by associated theories of Celticism
by Mathew Arnold, Ernest Renan, and the writers of the Celtic Twilight.
What Anglicized Celticism
was for the Irish intelligentsia, Catholicism was for the mass of unschooled Irishmen: an essentialized collective identity, complete with its own way of perceiving, and speaking about, and living in the world.
Students of Celticism
and Negritude--and other postcolonial nativisms--are by now familiar with the pitfalls of cultural revivals that recirculate (even if in affirmative form) images derived from colonial discourse.
In effect, he shifted the focus of the cultural debate by replacing Arnold's politically charged Celticism
with his own more neutral brand of neo-primitivism.
45) What may be called Thierry's republican Celticism
displeased Prichard because, in his view, Thierry drew dividing lines between peoples who actually belonged together.
The second depicts their creation of homelands in Ireland, Wales, Scotland, and Brittany after they had been driven from the Continent, except for a few scattered pockets, and the subsequent 11th-century invasion of the British isles by the Normans, virtually ending the Golden Age of Celticism
The newspaper accounts, the most easily available, are heavily influenced by colonialism, and secondarily by romantic Celticism
, its offshoot.
Protesting then that anyway the baptismal font was no longer in active use - that is, recognizing in front of the cure its bonafide properties - they still refuse to return it and go on to affirm to themselves that "ownership of such a piece somehow made them attached to Celticism
in Normandy" (114).
What is needed, then, is not a "race" that combines the "best" qualities of Anglo-Saxonism and Celticism
, as Arnold argues (Cairns and Richards 47), but rather a new class that will open up the spheres of discursive production so that Ireland can eventually achieve "orderly freedom.
There is also one Scottish writer, James Macpherson, who if he did not write about Ireland provided, in his largely concocted "translations" from Gaelic manuscripts, a kick-start to the cult of Celticism
that was to effect conceptions of Ireland so profoundly.
Yeats's play may have started out as an innocuous piece of Celticism
, based on ancient legend, and may have seemed remote from contemporary life in Ireland, but it was soon renovated by actual historical events.