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fermentum Group Name ([micro]g) 5.2 Inhibitors of cell wall synthesis Amoxicillin 10 S Penicillin Ampicillin 10 S Penicillin G 10 S Cephalosporins Cefalotin 30 S Glycopeptides Vancomycin 30 R Inhibitors of protein synthesis Amikacin 30 R Aminoglycosides Gentamicin 10 R Streptomycin 10 R Tetracyclines Tetracycline 30 S Single antibiotics Chloramphenicol 30 S Macrolides Erythromycin 15 S Lincosamides Clindamycin 2 S Inhibitors ofnucleic acid synthesis Ciprofloxacin 5 R Quiolones Norfloxacin 10 R Other urinary tract antiseptics Single antibiotics Nitrofurantoin 300 S Susceptibility (a) Antimicrobial L.
oxytoca/A Amoxicillin + clavulanic acid (AMC) 2 (25.0) 0 (0.0) Nalidixic acid (NAL) 2 (25.0) 0 (0.0) Amikacin (AMI) 1 (12.5) 0 (0.0) Amoxicillin (AMO) 8 (100.0) 6 (100.0) Ampicillin (AMP) 8 (100.0) 6 (100.0) Aztreonam (ATM) 2 (25.0) 0 (0.0) Cefalotin (CFL) 2 (25.0) 0 (0.0) Cefetamet (CEF) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) Cefotaxime (CTX) 2 (25.0) 0 (0.0) Ceftazidime (CAZ) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) Chloramphenicol (CLO) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) Gentamicin (GEN) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) Imipenem (IPM) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) Kanamycin (KN) 3 (37.5) 0 (0.0) Neomycin (NO) 2 (25.0) 0 (0.0) Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (SUT) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) Tetracycline (TET) 2 (25.0) 0 (0.0) Ticarcillin + clavulanic acid (TIC) 1 (12.5) 0 (0.0) Antibiotics Species/Hospital K.
aureus isolates were resistant to penicillin, cefalotin, cefazoline and ceftriaxone (Table 7).
While ceftiraxon resistance remained the same, cefoperazone and cefalotin resistance increased.
Seventeen of 18 cultures (94.45%) were sensitive to ceftriaxone, whereas 66.7% and 55.6% were sensitive to ciprofloxacin and cefalotin. Britta et al.
According to Orias and Perrodin [40], the predicted no-effect concentration (PNEC) of different antibiotics in aquatic organisms was as follows: ciprofloxacin (0.5 [micro]g[L.sup.-1)], cephalosporins group, including cefalotin, ceftazidime and ceftriaxone (36.101 [micro]g[L.sup.-1)], gentamycin (0.069 [micro]g[L.sup.-1]), vancomycin (372 [micro]g[L.sup.-1)], and ampicillin (0.00078 [micro]g[L.sup.-1]).
The maximum and minimum antibiotic resistance for the gram negative bacteria was 93.3% for Cefalotin and 50% for Amikacin.
The isolate was resistant to lincomycin and susceptible to amoxicillin, amoxicillin/clavulanate, ticarcillin/clavulanate, piperacillin, piperacillin/tazobactam, cefalotin, cefotaxime, ceftazidime, cefpirome, cefepime, imipenem, gentamicin, tobramycin, netilmicin, amikacin, erythromycin, pristinamycin, polymyxin B, trimethoprim/ sulfamethoxazole, nalidixic acid, ofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, and fosfomycin.
The following antimicrobials were tested: ampicillin, amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, cefalotin, aztreonam, gentamicin, kanamycin, apramycin, neomycin, ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, enrofloxacinbase, doxycycline, chloramphenicol, florfenicol, polymyxin B, trimesulf, tetracycline.
(16), em tentativa de discri minar a fonte da contaminacao fecal em aguas superficiais, observaram que, alem da contaminacao por patogenos, os microorganismos estao desenvolvendo resistencia aos antimicrobianos mais utilizados pela populacao, chegando a conclusao de que, quando a contaminacao tem origem humana, os microrganismos isolados apresentavam resistencia a ampicilina, amoxacilina e cefalotin.
se observaron con cefotaxime, ceftriaxone, ampicilina, cefoxitin, cefazolin, cefuroxime, cefalotin, vancomicina, ampicilina/sulbactam y amoxicilina/acido clavulanico mientras que Acinetobacter sp.
fermentum TCUESC01 was susceptible to amoxicillin, amoxicillin and clavulanic acid, penicillin G, the [beta]-lactams cefotaxime and cefalotin, the aminoglycosides amikacin and gentamycin, the lincosamide clindamycin, the carbapenem imipenem, the macrolides azithromycin and erythromycin, the phenicol chloramphenicol, and tetracycline.
Initially, 59 (65.5%) patients were treated with oxacillin or cefalotin, to whom aminoglycosides (n = 20), ceftriaxone (n = 2), aqueous penicillin G (n = 1) were also given.