In 1208 the Count of Toulouse, accused of defending the Cathar heresy
, had a turbulent meeting to discuss the situation with a papal legate, Pierre de Castelnau.
Nonetheless, Jesus' offspring and the religion they practiced survived underground in Europe in various forms: Gnostic teaching, the Cathar heresy
, a medieval cult in southern France dedicated to Mary Magdalene, the Order of the Knights Templar, the Freemasons, and even the witches of today's Wicca, as well as their claimed predecessors burned at the stake for practicing not witchcraft, but the true religion of Jesus, says Brown.
This is the essential background for James' wonderful statement "The figure looms large at Orvieto, literally and metaphorically" and for the unprecedent emphasis on the Resurrection of the Body, perhaps more than one of her suggested connections to the Cathar heresy
. In addition to her sophisticated work on liturgical context and social history, James offers a sensitive discussion of Signorelli's unique artistic contribution to the message through his figural and compositional choices; as is well known, his work in Orvieto served as the great precedent for Michelangelo's subsequent work in the Sistine Chapel.
In response to the Cathar heresy
, medieval theologians like Hugh of St.
Modern researchers of the Cathar heresy
that arose in the Languedoc region of France in the thirteenth century have had the benefit of extensive writings recorded by the warriors who waged the Albigensian Crusade and meticulous records kept by the subsequent inquisition supervised by the Church.