. Chest 2003;124(3):1004-1008.
Thomas, "Pneumoperitoneum with catamenial pneumothorax
," American Journal of Roentgenology, vol.
(CP) is a rare and complex clinical condition caused by endometrial tissues, commonly found in reproductive women (age 15-49 years).Its diagnosis is often delayed or overlooked by clinicians, which may result in recurrent hospitalizations and other complications.
A less commonly occurring primary spontaneous pneumothorax, a catamenial pneumothorax
, is a syndrome of recurrent pneumothorax occurring within 48 to 72 hours of onset of menses (Carter & Ettonsohn, 1990).
Secondary spontaneous pneumothorax (SSP) occurs in older people with underlying pulmonary diseases, such as emphysema, asthma, acute or chronic infections, lung cancer, congenital diseases, catamenial pneumothorax
, lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM).5-7 Traumatic pneumothorax is divided into three groups as blunt, penetrating, and iatrogenic pneumothorax.8
TE has symptoms and findings emerging as catamenial pneumothorax
, haemothorax, haemopneumothorax, haemoptysis, and pulmonary nodules.2
Pathological assessment of tissues revealed nonspecific findings in 30 (76.9%) patients, multiple bullae in 5 (12.8%), ruptured hydatid cyst in 2 (5.1%), histiocytosis X in 1 (2.6%) and catamenial pneumothorax
in 1 (2.6%) patient.