Typical representative forest in the Ailaoshan Mountain is the middle-mountain moist evergreen broadleaved forest, dominated by Lithocarpus and Castanopsis
(Xie et al.
Atractotomoidea orientalis has been collected from the inflorescences of Castanopsis
itself, which produces prolific quantities of small nuts, Bulmer and Bulmer (1964: 69) list a number of other trees with edible nuts and seeds, including Elaeocarpus, Sloanea, Finschia, Sterculia and especially Pandanus .
the Nepal or Indian chestnut tree, Castanopsis
Sikkim Himalaya is richly endowed with biological resources spread over a variety of ecosystem types over a range of altitude, from the alpine rhododendron dominated scrub forest through conifer forests with Abies densa and Tsuga demosa getting down to mixed evergreen forests dominated by species such as Castanopsis
This study examined the relationships between decomposition dynamics, litter quality, environmental conditions, and environmental activity in a subtropical Castanopsis
kawakamii (Hayata) forest.
It is distributed in the north-east of the DBR with a slope of 26-30[degrees] and at an elevation of 190-500m, with component species of the community including Castanopsis
chinensis (chinese evergreen chinkapin, angiosperm), Schima superba (schima, angiosperm), and Cryptocarya chinensis (chinensis cryptocarya, angiosperm).
antelope bitterbrush, Purshia tridentata; Sierra chinquapin, Castanopsis
sempervirens) in the Carson Range of Nevada rely on a guild of seed-caching animals (at least four species of rodent and two species of bird) for dispersal.
Incense-cedar could move from Libocedrus to Calocedrus; giant chinkapin from Castanopsis
to Chrysolepis; saguaro from Cereum to Carnegiea; Key tree-cactus from Cereus to Pilosocereus; smokethorn from Dalea to Psorothamnus; and you could just see the bumelias (Bumelia), willow bustic (Dipholis), and false-mastic (Mastichodendron) join each other in Sideroxylon.
Ribes lacustre Symphoricarpos albus Sorbus scopulina Spiraea betulifolia Berberis nervosa Rubus parviflorus Coast Low Quercus kelloggii Abies procera Quercus garryana Cornus nuttallii Fraxinus latifolia Castanopsis
chrysophylla Arbutus menziesii Prunus emarginata Calocedrus decurrens Vaccinium membranaceum Rosa eglanteria Oplopanax horridum Rosa spp.
70 Cinnamomum camphora, Castanopsis
hystrix, Liquidambar formosana Longtou 5.
In the natural broadleaf evergreen forest, the dominant arbor species were Castanopsis
sclerophylla and Lithocarpus glabra with a mean height of 10 m, a diameter at breast height of 20.
In both hemispheres, there were representatives of a pan-tropical Arcto-Tertiary flora in which many families were abundant, such as the Lauraceae (Laurus, Persea, Machilus, Cinnamomum); Anacardiaceae (Rhus, Pistacia); Theaceae (Camellia); Moraceae (Celtis, Morus, Brousonnetia); Hamamelidaceae (Hamamelis, Liquidambar); Aquifoliaceae (Ilex); Ericaceae (Arbutus, Gaulteria); Fagaceae (Castanea, Fagus, Nothofagus, Castanopsis
, Lithocarpus, Quercus); Fabaceae (Albizia, Acacia, Robinia, Cercis); and Saxifragaceae (Ribes, Hydrangea).
, Hoya, and Hedyotis) have a large proportion (between 21 and 30%) of their China endemics restricted to Hainan (Table 4).
Further south, as in the Malay Peninsula, members of the Fagaceae (the genera Castanopsis
and Lithocarpus, rather than Quercus), together with many members of the Lauraceae, form a transition forest (in reality a laurisilva) between the montane rainforest and the true cloud forest.