Carya glabra, Carya tomentosa, Carya laciniosa
and Carya ovata of the Family Juglandaceae
Floodplain forest.--Common to abundant tree species include Acer negundo, Aesculus glabra, Carya laciniosa
, Celt& occidentalis, Fraxinus nigra, Gleditsia triacanthos (especially south of the central field), Platanus occidentalis (especially along the river), Populus deltoides, and Ulmus americana.
Thus, in a woodlot dominated by shagbark and shellbark hickory (Carya laciniosa), and containing a Primary Class I Roost, such as Sodalis Woods, many or most suitable trees probably serve at times as alternate roosts.
The nine other trees were three shagbark hickories (Carya ovata), two shellbark hickories (Carya laciniosa),, one mockernut hickory (Carya tomentosa), one sugar maple (Acer saccharum), one honey locust (Gleditsia triacanthos), and one white oak (Quercus alba).
Northern bats used at least eight tree species as roosts: the red oak group (35%), silver maple (24%), pin oak (11%), American elm (11%), cottonwood (8%), honey locust (5%), shagbark hickory (3%) and shellbark hickory (Carya laciniosa
Joining this forest mosaic at sites with prolonged, but not continuous, standing water, are communities of such characteristic species as silver maple, cottonwood, sycamore, green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marshall), overcup oak (Quercus lyrata Walter), pecan, shellbark hickory (Carya laciniosa
However, with the added pressure of browsing, valuable but less dominant components of bottomland forests, such as swamp white oak and shellbark hickory (Carya laciniosa
) can likely be eliminated and plant biotic diversity in general can be reduced.
(2002) found that Cerulean Warblers in Illinois showed the strongest preference for shellbark hickory (Carya laciniosa
) and bitternut hickory (Carya cordiformis).
Among others, this list includes Agastache scrophulariaefolia, Aristolochia serpentaria, Carya laciniosa
, Hamamelis virginiana, Hybanthus concolor, Ilex verticillata, Lobelia cardinalis, Huperzia lucidula, Lycopus virginicus, Triosteum aurantiacum, Triphora trianthophora, and Ulmus thomasii.
Acer saccharinum, Acer rubrum, Carya laciniosa
, Fraxinus pennsylvanica, Platanus occidentalis, and Populus deltoides are prominent in localized areas, where soil drainage is the poorest.