Average IMT values of Left and Right Carotid Vessel
in Master Athletes and Sedentary Controla,b Variables IMT Left IMT Right Carotid Carotid Male SC 658 [+ or -] 97.2 634 [+ or -] 94.9 Male MA 641 [+ or -] 105.2 618 [+ or -] 104.6 Female SC 602 [+ or -] 92.4 612 [+ or -] 83.2 Female MA 601 [+ or -] 96.7 595 [+ or -] 1 Variables Mean IMT Male SC 645 [+ or -] 79.9 Male MA 629 [+ or -] 92.5 Female SC 608 [+ or -] 7 Female MA 601 [+ or -] 87.9 (a) Abbreviations: IMT, IMT: IntimaMedia Thickness; MA, master athletes; SC, sedentary control, (b) Data are presented as No.
Group I: tumours are relatively small with minimal attachment to the carotid vessels
, and surgical excision can be performed safely.
Secondly, the available literature has also highlighted racial and ethnic variations in the measures of carotid vessels
and their dimensions leading to variable vessel's intima media thickness readings 9,10.
Because of its location close to the carotid vessels
and cranial nerves X through XII, tumor enlargement can cause progressive symptoms such as dysphagia, odynophagia, hoarseness, or cranial nerve deficits.
In case of embolic stroke, the patient should undergo imaging of the carotid vessels
by duplex ultrasonography, CT angiography, MRI angiography, or catheter angiography.
The surgical choice is related to Shamblin classification (20-21), made in 1971 and based up the degree of involvement of the carotid vessels
in carotid body tumors, as appear with arteriographic or MRI study.
However, radiographs can show if any bone spurs (ie, growths on the cervical vertebrae) are compressing the carotid vessels
. They also show arthritis or misalignment of the spine, which could affect the carotid and vertebral arteries.
Structurally the intimal layer of CCA, as in the other carotid vessels
(ICA and ECA), showed a very thin pattern and appeared formed by endotheliocytes and internal elastic lamina (Figs.