carbamate

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Related to Carbamates: pyrethroids
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Words related to carbamate

a salt (or ester) of carbamic acid

References in periodicals archive ?
(2002) compared neurobehavioral performance between two groups of farmers with previous acute intoxications by OP or carbamates. Plasma cholinesterase was assessed for each group of subjects.
Not surprisingly, a number of organophosphate (both chlorpyrifos and diazinon) and carbamate (propoxur) pesticides were detected in air samples, maternal blood, and cord blood samples (Perera et al.
Such chemicals act via two neurotransmission systems, both of which increase nitric oxide levels, with organic solvents acting through the nitric oxide/peroxynitrite, and NMDA receptors and pesticides including organophosphates and carbamates acting through the muscarinic receptors.
Garin expressed concern that many carbamates are known carcinogens.
However, the amine type hardeners often employed can easily react with atmospheric carbon dioxide and moisture to form carbamate salts.
Organophosphates (OPs) and carbamates are two major classes of inhibitors used widely for inhibiting AChE.
The physicochemical properties of the carbamates: carbaryl, carbofuran and methomyl used in this study are presented in Table 1.
We selected potentially neurotoxic pesticides with agricultural use in our study area (Monterey County, CA) during the prenatal period, including fifteen OPs and six carbamates (see Table S1), two manganese (Mn)-based fungicides (maneb and mancozeb), eight pyrethroids (permethrin, cypermethrin, tau-fluvalinate, cyfluthrin, fenpropathrin, lambdacyhalothrin, bifenthrin, and esfenvalerate), and one neonicotinoid (imidacloprid).
Resulting in the classification of a 38.46% of organochlorine pesticides, 89.47% of organophosphates and 75% of carbamates in the group of lower toxicity, while 46.15% of organochlorine pesticides and 7.89% of organophosphate pesticides were classified in the group of higher toxicity.
Summary: This study comprises the synthesis and characterization of twenty thiazole-derived carbamates (3a-e), N-substituted amides (8a-h) and carboxamide (10) from 2-aminothiazoles (1a, b) via nucleophilic substitution reactions with activated carbonyl compounds including, chloroformates (2a-d), acid chlorides (7a-e) and glutaric anhydride (9), respectively.
Specific classes of pesticides studied were organophosphates, pyrethroids and carbamates.
The large, multisite California-based study examined associations between specific classes of pesticides, including organophosphates, pyrethroids and carbamates, applied during the study participants' pregnancies and later diagnoses of autism and developmental delay in their offspring.
micropeltes presented comparable sensitivity to carbamates and organophosphates insecticides than that from Electrophorus electricus by comparing half maximal inhibitory concentration values, therefore the enzyme is a valuable source for insecticides detection in Malaysian waters at lower cost.
When these genes were transplanted into Drosophila, resistance to pyrethroids and carbamates was generated in otherwise susceptible fly strains.