Stem, "Quotations from Apocryphal Gospels in 'Abd al-Jabbar," Journal of Theological Studies NS 18 (April, 1967): 42-44, who argues that 'Abd al-Jabbar quotes a Gospel text showing that Jesus was not really crucified, which al-Jabbar believes to be from one of the canonical Gospels
, but which Stern thinks came from an apocryphal Gospel.
But the greater achievement, having done that, was to elevate The Gospel of Thomas to the level of the four canonical gospels
Matthew, Mark, Luke and John.
Q: But doesn't an early document of this sort rival orthodox Christian sources, such as the four canonical Gospels
The four canonical gospels
do give a context: they tell a story about Jesus and, in so doing, answer the question of why a person should follow Jesus.
This Bardic Press edition returns to print a classic work of painstaking yet accessible scholarship and features a new forty page introduction discussing recent developments in scholarship, the distinctions of the Gospel of Thomas from the canonical gospels
, the role of Mary Magdalene in the Gospel of Thomas, and additional, invaluable insights into one of the most exciting finds of the 20th Century in Biblical Studies.
Moreover, the enfant terrible portrayed in the apocryphal gospels is not based solely on pagan models: some of his actions echo Jesus' acts in the canonical Gospels
. Consider the very strange episode in Mark (11:12-14; 20-21) in which Jesus blasts the fig tree en route to Jerusalem: And on the morrow, when [Jesus and his disciples] were come from Bethany, he was hungry: And seeing a fig tree afar off having leaves, he came, if haply he might find any thing thereon: and when he came to it, he found nothing but leaves; for the time of figs was not yet.
Today, champions of the priority of the four canonical Gospels
tend to appeal not to the four regions of the universe, or even to the four winds, but to the alleged greater historicity of these Gospels.
A number have to do with boy Jesus running afoul of scribes and Pharisees, as he does as an adult in the canonical Gospels
. In one episode, Joseph takes Jesus to a village scribe, who proposes to teach the lad Torah, starting with the alphabet.
Marshall first explores the way in which the Apostle Paul and the writers of the canonical gospels
understood God's justice.
Part of its appeal lay in the fact that phrases in its texts recalled phrases in the canonical gospels
or the Book of Daniel.
Traditionally we have looked to the canonical gospels
as our major sources--they are after all our oldest documents.
was the first to see, to be greeted by, and to recognize, the risen Christ.' Perhaps a scholarly student of the Gnostic Gospels should include in her reading-list the canonical gospels
The official Canonical Gospels
of Mark, Matthew, Luke and John have detailed, meticulously, the extraordinary mental powers or abilities of Jesus, which were regarded as miracles by Christians.
Revising and enlarging his 2015 doctoral dissertation at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Kiffiak explores how characters in the canonical Gospels
respond to miracles they witnessed or heard about, and the function those responses serve in the respective narratives and in the earlier traditions about Jesus, both written and oral, upon which the Gospels drew.
As with Mary's nativity, we encounter Mary's presentation in the temple not in the canonical gospels
but only in apocryphal manuscripts.