The Canellaceae are a small tropical plant family of aromatic trees, rarely treelets and shrubs, with a disjunct occurrence between tropical and subtropical America (the Caribbean Region, Costa Rica and South America) and Africa (Madagascar and Eastern Africa).
Canellaceae species from the West Indies, specially the widespread Canella winterana Gaertn.
Some species of Canellaceae are also used to catch octopus, Cinnamodendron ekmanii (Salazar, 2006), and fish, Canella winterana (Liogier, 2000).
The family Canellaceae was published in 1832 by Martius with Canella as described by Browne in 1756 as the sole genus.
Until relatively recently, the Canellaceae have been assigned either to the Parietales (Warburg, 1895; Gilg, 1925; Lawrence, 1951), Annonales (Dahlgren, 1983), or to the Magnoliales (Bonnet, 1876; Takhtajan, 1981; Cronquist, 1988).
Members of the Canellaceae form a monophyletic group, which share several synapomorphies such as monadelphous stamens, parietal placentation, and campylotropous ovules (Salazar, 2006).
are anomalous within the Magnoliales in that they have unilateral paratracheal parenchyma, they lack apotracheal parenchyma, their vessel-ray parenchyma pits are half-bordered and similar to intervessel pits, and they commonly have crystals in procumbent and upright ray cells, a feature not seen in any other family of the Magnoliales.
Annonaceae (Voigt, 1888; Periasamy, 1962a, 1990; Mohana Rao, 1975) Aristolochiaceae (Periasamy, 1962a, 1966, 1990; Dahlgren, 1991) Austrobaileyaceae (Endress, 1993a) Canellaceae
(Netolitzky, 1926; Parameswaran, 1961; Cronquist, 1981; Dahlgren, 1991) Degeneriaceae (Swamy, 1949; Periasamy, 1962a, 1990; Dahlgren, 1991) Eupomatiaceae (Periasamy, 1990; Dahlgren, 1991; Endress, 1993b) Magnoliaceae (Corner, 1976; Dahlgren & Clifford, 1982; Periasamy, 1990) Menispermaceae (Periasamy, 1962a, 1990; Sastri, 1969; Dahlgren, 1991) Myristicaceae (Voigt, 1888; Periasamy, 1962a, 1990; pers.