The 11th rib tip, the 12th intercostal part, and the part between axillary line and linea scapularis were selected as the puncture site closest to the target renal calyces
. A standard channel was established through visual puncture-assisted balloon dilatation.
breviter acuminatis vel obtusis); calyce
, bracteolis et pedicellis fusco-flavidis sericeis (vs.
(13), (14), (8), (10) Most of the studies investigated the effect of the anatomic features of the lower calyce
on the stone clearance of the lower pole stones.
The longitudinal axis of each kidney is oblique and dorsally inclined, making the upper pole calyces
more medial and posterior than the inferior pole12.
The dried calyces
of the hibiscus flower used to brew the tea are known to contain high levels of antioxidants essential to our body's natural daily detox efforts.
PNL was performed through 3 different accesses in the upper, middle and lower calyces
. One nephrostomy tube was placed at the end of the operation and the other access sites were closed primarily.
are located in the upper two-thirds of each kidney, but an external calyx or an independent ureter may drain the isthmus (Pawar et al.) (Fig.
Most attractive is Hamamelis x intermedia Aurora, which has large straw yellow and light red flowers with red calyces
that wrap around and protect the buds.
On ultrasound (US) examination, the right renal pelvis and calyces
had a distinct appearance and a lesion 40x40 mm in size invading the lower calyx in particular was observed.
Grade 2 = grade 1 + dilatation of few calyces
. Grade 3 = grade 2 + dilatation of all calyces
(2,3) Collateral varices bleeding through adjacent renal calyces
leads to hematuria.
The IPA of the lower calyces
was measured as the inner angle formed at the intersection of the ureteropelvic and central axes of the lower-pole infundibulum, as defined by Elbahnasy et al . The IL of the access calyx was measured as the distance between the distal point of the calyx and the pelvic-infundibular junction.
It is thought that the common name came about because of the green calyces
(sepals), which surround the tiny white flowers, reminiscent of green Irish gardens.