After removing her veil and loosening her hair, [Theron] opened the door and he told Callirhoe
to go in first.
Alvares, "Egyptian Unrest of the Roman Era and the Reception of Chariton's Chaireas and Callirhoe
," Maia 53 (2001): 11.
50) Dionysius in Chariton's Callirhoe
, despite his many differences from Thersandros, may be a good comparative example from another Greek romance: different from the hero, but with enough similarities to prevent a simple hero/villain dichotomy.
B N 4094 Watson [death-camass] MALVACEAE Callirhoe
It is what distinguishes the Satyricon, say, or the Golden Ass from Chaereas and Callirhoe
, Daphnis and Chloe, or Theagenes and Chariclea, The Scarlet Letter from Madame Bovary and Anna Karenina, its philosophical, technical, and aesthetic ramifications are obvious, as are their inter-linkages.
Finally, the second night of the Ephesiaca also evokes Chariton's recognition scene, in which Chaereas and Callirhoe
similarly do not sleep but recount their stories to each other.
This detail notwithstanding, however, I found the section illuminating, and in particular the observations on the tripartite world mapped by Chariton (Sicily, Ionia, Persia) and on Callirhoe
's growing feeling of alienation, as she is taken farther and farther from the sea, with a reversal of the Greek cliche "sea=bad, land=good" (52): a cliche, we might add, that Callirhoe
herself had endorsed earlier (1.
a thistle; Vicia americana, American purple vetch (not on our list); Rhus glabra, smooth sumac; Asclepias speciosa, showy milkweed; Toxicodendron radicans, poison ivy; Apocynum cannabinum, hemp dogbane; Helianthus petiolaris, plains sunflower; Amorpha fruticosa, wildindigo; Gaura coccinea, scarlet gaura; Monarda pectinata, a mint not on our list; Potamogeton nodosus, floating-leaf pondweed; Rubus occidentalis, black raspberry; Sparganium eurycarpum, bur-reed; Callirhoe
involucrata, purple poppy-mallow; Plantago patagonica, woolly plantain; and Anemone canadensis, meadow anemone.
This choice is very appropriate for undergraduate students: Callirhoe
and the Ephesiaca can provide them with an idea of the Greek novel, without requiring them to pick up the intricate threads of Achilles Tatius' and Heliodorus' texts or to interpret the sophisticated construction of Longus' Daphnis and Chloe, which are more appropriate to a postgraduate class.
Scholars have long acknowledged that there is an intertextual relationship between Chariton's Callirhoe
and the works of Xenophon, including the Anabasis.
uva-ursi `Wood's Red', Callirhoe
involucrata, Grevillea lanigera low form, Halimiocistus, Phlomis russeliana, Scaevola aemula `purple Fanfare' (`Diamond Head').
2) There appears to be at least one exception: Chariton's Callirhoe
is probably written a little too early to be situated in the heyday of the sophistic practice, although Tilg 2010 argues that Chariton probably wrote under Nero, which is no earlier than Nicetes, the earliest sophist in Philostratus' overview of Second Sophistic orators.
If these limits are accurate, and if the Athenagoras who employed Chariton is the one Tilg postulates, Callirhoe
was written between 41 and 62, a date with which many specialists ultimately would agree.
Chariton Aphrodisiensis De Callirhoe
Dionysius is drowning in his love for Callirhoe
but tries to keep his head above water to preserve his self-respect: in vain.