caliph

(redirected from Caliphs)
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Related to Caliphs: Abbasid Caliphs
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Synonyms for caliph

the civil and religious leader of a Muslim state considered to be a representative of Allah on earth

References in classic literature ?
One of this nation of mighty conjurors created a man out of brass and wood, and leather, and endowed him with such ingenuity that he would have beaten at chess, all the race of mankind with the exception of the great Caliph, Haroun Alraschid.
While the vizir, Giafar, was talking to the ladies the Caliph was occupied in wondering who they could be, and why the three Calenders had each lost his right eye.
Having done this she begged the Calenders to sit on a sofa on one side of the room, and the Caliph and his friends to place themselves opposite.
Zobeida then got up from her seat between the Calenders and the Caliph and walked slowly across to where the porter stood with the dogs.
The Caliph in particular could hardly contain himself, and made signs to the vizir to ask what it all meant.
The Calenders and the Caliph looked at each other, and whispered together, unheard by Zobeida and Sadie, who were tending their fainting sister.
At length the Caliph could contain his curiosity no longer, and declared that he would compel the ladies to tell them the meaning of their strange conduct.
The seven culprits all thought their last hour had come, and the Caliph repented bitterly that he had not taken the vizir's advice.
The Caliph, who was naturally very impatient, suffered far more than either of the others at feeling that his life was at the mercy of a justly offended lady, but when he heard her question he began to breathe more freely, for he was convinced that she had only to learn his name and rank for all danger to be over.
After the first four caliphs who succeeded Mohammed, the caliphate lived its golden age in the Omayyad empire from the year 661 to 750, and then under the Abbasids, from 750 to 1517.
It is the age of fabrications and travesties to conspire against Tripoli and Sunnis by inaugurating anonymous princes and caliphs over them.
Filling the tables of caliphs and noblemen, these sumptuous desserts of saffron and rose water conjure the opulence and grandeur of the medieval Islamic world.
Meanwhile, thousands of people demonstrated in Ramadi and Fallujah, denouncing offending a number of Prophet's companions and the Caliphs.
He had previously requested permission from Caliphs 'Umar ibn al-Khattab and 'Uthman ibn 'Affan but was denied.
In the Mamluk era, the caliphs started to appoint the best judges as ombudsmen.