HAS LONG BEEN VIEWED BY MUSLIMS AS THE legitimate representative of god and Islam on earth, heir to a chain of uninterrupted succession reaching back to the prophet Muhammad.
: The History of an Idea, by Hugh Kennedy, Basic Books, 11 October 2016, ISBN-13: 978-0465094387
The self-proclaimed "caliphate
" of the Islamic State of Iraq & al-Sham (ISIS) is being made "invincible" as vowed by its founding leader, "Caliph" Abu-Bakr al-Baghdadi who believes he legitimately leads the Muslim world, which is about 94% Sunni.
and Muslim Militant Groups goes into the history of the Middle East and how it has evolved over time, giving context to the modern issues that we see today.
Such is the case with the self-proclaimed caliphate
known as the Islamic State, also ISIS, ISIL or IS, which now controls extensive strands of territory in Syria and Iraq.
were a totalitarian system of Muslim government established by Mohammed, who made himself the first Caliph, reigning until 632 C.E.
24.The Empire in Transition: The Caliphates
of Sulayman, aACAyUmar, and Yazid A.D.
Wasserstein sketches the history and significance of the caliphate
in al-Andalus beginning with its creation in 929 A.D.
Mustapha Jokolo, (rtd), the first in 2005, when he was the Emir of Gwandu; and the second in 2012, after he had been deposed from that high Caliphate
Naturally, the intellectual battle to accept or reject this concept is an old one, though its urgency in our times is evident as numerous extremist groups in dozens of societies look for salvation in the Caliphate
--An incitement to genocide by Bala Ibn N'Allah of Kebbi State, a Caliphate
member of the Nigerian House of Representatives.
Summary: Tunisia's Islamist Ennahda party tried Wednesday to restore confidence in its ability to form a coalition government with secular groups following fears that the party was seeking an Islamic caliphate
type of rule.
Hamadi Jbeili, the secretary-general of the moderate Islamist Ennahda party, has caused controversy throughout the country over his comments of "a sixth caliphate
" after the party's electoral victory (see MER 16/11/11).
The geopolitics of the middle-east is rapidly changing, and inching towards what some analysts are describing as a "Caliphate
BAGHDAD: The top US officer in Iraq said on Friday at commemorations marking the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States that Al-Qaeda would never set up an Islamic caliphate
in the war-torn country.