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Related to Caliphate of Damascus: Umayyad dynasty
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  • noun

Synonyms for Umayyad

the first dynasty of Arab caliphs whose capital was Damascus

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After Talha and Zubayr apostasy, Muawiyah declared in a letter to A1 Zubair to be the caliphate of Damascus after him, and then Talha, but this is under the condition of oppression and occupation of Iraq.
Equally important to note is the fact that the first cycle of Jaafari theocracies in Persia several centuries ago had originated from Iraq, where Shiism was born before the Abbasid Caliphate came into being as a successor to the Omayyad Caliphate of Damascus. The first Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad was Abul Abbas "Al Saffah" (750-754) - the latter part of his name was an adjective meaning the man who massacred people.