Effects of a synthetic peptide of a parathyroid hormone-related protein on calcium homeostasis
, renal tubular calcium reabsorption and bone metabolism.
In the present study, we investigated the role of astaxanthin on calcium homeostasis
throughout calcium channels, calcium binding proteins and NMDA receptor subunits.
Patients with hypertension, diabetes, cardiac and liver diseases and those on anti-hypertensives, anti-arrhythmic drugs, calcium supplements or any other drugs affecting calcium homeostasis
were excluded, as these will alter the blood pressure, platelet count and serum calcium level.
Women with palmoplantar pustulosis have disturbed calcium homeostasis
and a high prevalence of diabetes mellitus and psychiatric disorders: a case-control study.
It is recognised as a complex disorder that results both from the primary injury and secondary factors including oxidative stress, inflammation, calcium homeostasis
and disruption of the blood-brain barrier that exacerbate the brain damage after the TBI.
The parathyroid gland is the overall regulatory organ that maintains calcium homeostasis
through their capacity to sense even minute changes in the level of blood calcium.
In hypoparathyroidism, absence of PTH, in addition to increase calcium demand can contribute to hypocalcemia, if untreated; however in lactation, PTH is not required for calcium homeostasis
in the presence of PTHrP; thus supplementation can be decreased .
In addition, FGF23 suppresses PTH secretion which may impair the ability of the kidneys to maintain calcium homeostasis
Further, eucalcemia should be obtained before further subjecting the patient to changes in calcium homeostasis
with adenoma resection.
Essentially, as the body attempts to maintain normal calcium homeostasis
, it does so at the expense of the skeleton (6, 9).
The study of calcium homeostasis
in pregnancy and lactation was prompted by the observations of osteomalacia in pregnant and lactating women in India and China in early decades of 20th century.
These vitamins help us maintain proper calcium balance, called calcium homeostasis
, and absorb it into our bones effectively.
Chronic heart failure (HF) is a progressive, multifactorial, and debilitating disease that is often characterized by the impairment of systolic function and the loss of calcium homeostasis
due to insufficient reuptake of calcium ions back into sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) using Ca [sup]2+-ATPase and/or insufficient inflow of calcium ions into myocytes through using Na [sup]+/Ca [sup]2+ exchanger.[sup], Ca [sup]2+ is a central player in the excitation-contraction coupling of cardiac myocytes that keeps heart to contract and relax.[sup],,,,, Disturbances in Ca [sup]2+ homeostasis in myocytes are associated with a diverse range of human pathological conditions, such as myocardial infarction (MI) and HF.
Once this process is interrupted, it may further lead to the disturbance of cellular calcium homeostasis
and forming [Ca.sup.2+] overload .
Increasing evidence indicates that, beyond its cardiovascular effects, aldosterone excess might affect also mineral metabolism and have specific relevance for calcium homeostasis