Consequently, our study indicated that the potential neuroprotective effects of astaxanthin may include the maintenance of calcium homeostasis since the molecule has regulatory effects on the mRNA expression levels of certain NMDA subunits, voltage sensitive calcium channels
and calcium binding proteins.
Key words: Calcium channel
blocker, catheterization, angiography, radial spasm, nitrate, verapamil.
[10-13] The [Ca.sub.v] 2.1 encodes for both P and Q type calcium channels
and these channels are highly expressed presynaptically where they are critically involved in neurotransmission and synaptic efficacy and therefore have a great influence on neuronal excitability.
Dihydropyridine-class calcium channel
blockers are categorised into three generations according to the length of activity and long-acting calcium channel
blockers cause less activation of sympathetic nervous system and are reported to offer beneficial action compared with short-action agents.
Purpura, bleeding, calcium channel
(15) Calcium channel
blocker overdoses, another potential target class of drugs for Intralipid rescue, are also increasing in prevalence with St-Onge and co-investigators reporting 11,764 cases of toxicity reactions in 2011 during a systematic review of calcium channel
This paper begins to uncover one of the key mechanisms of normal sleep, as well as the role for one important calcium channel
in overall brain function.
Methanol extract from the fruits of Ammi visnaga showed significant calcium channel
blocking activity.4 In a study with the help of spectrophotometer and high performance liquid chromatography, it was observed that Khelin and visnagin are present in the fruits of Ammi visnaga.5
Cost may also influence medication selection (in general generic beta blockers and diuretics are cheaper than calcium channel
blockers and ARBs).
In contrast, the same calcium channel
type can be located in different places, such as synaptic NMDARs (S-NMDAR) compared to extra synaptic NMDARs (ES-NMDAR) (Fig.
A limitation on long-term use seems to be true of calcium channel
blockers (CCBs), as well.
This trial enrolled patients who, at baseline, were treatment naive to beta-blockers, diuretics, statins and calcium channel
blockers, the latter being used as metabolically neutral controls.
"Our research shows that the calcium channel
inhibiting compound offers unique and effective protection against inappropriate activation inside the cells of digestive enzymes, which would cannibalise the pancreas and the surrounding tissue.
Intoxication with calcium channel
blocker (CCB) and beta blocker (BB) drugs is responsible of 40% of intoxication cases and 65% of deaths due to cardiovascular drugs in USA (1).
Prostaglandin inhibitors and calcium channel
blockers are most likely to delay delivery and improve neonatal outcomes in the setting of preterm labor, according to this systematic review and network meta-analysis of 95 randomized, controlled trials.