They employed futuristic fiction to portray the inferno of a socialist transformation and developed countervisions of Caesaristic
leadership, world power, and racial exclusivity.
Many intellectuals have a Caesaristic
identification with authoritarian and totalitarian leaders.
Professor Ellis has written an informative and intelligent book about extreme egalitarianism, but he reminds me of Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., who, having worked his whole life for a bloated, Caesaristic
presidency, suddenly noticed the "imperial" dimensions of the office just when Richard Nixon occupied the throne.
"Delegative-democracies", Guillermo O'Donnell points out, are organized around the figure of "a caesaristic
, plebiscitarian executive that once elected sees itself as empowered to govern the country as it deems fit" (14).
Schmitt, for example, invoking Rousseau, writes chillingly about a homogeneous "people's will" that is mobilized by, and organically linked to, a Caesaristic