Mitochondrial evidence on the phylogenetic position of caecilians
2004: Sex-related growth patterns in a caecilian
amphibian (genus Ichthyophis): evidence from laboratory data.
A comparative study of locomotion in the caecilians
Dermophis mexicanus and Typhlonectes natans (Amphibia: Gymnophiona).
Rotational feeding in caecilians
: putting a spin on the evolution of cranial design.
Detailed descriptions of larval and adult jaw anatomy are available for salamanders (Kleinteich and Haas, 2007; Ziermann and Diogo, 2013), caecilians
(Kleinteich et al., 2014), and basal frogs (Johnston, 2011; Haas, 2001).
The fungus seemed unable to attack frogs, toads or legless snake-shaped amphibians called caecilians
. But it quickly killed 41 of the 44 individual salamanders tested from Western temperate-zone species.
Armed with DNA sequence data, Alex Pyron, an assistant professor of biology at the George Washington University, sought to accurately piece together the 300-million-year storyline of how frogs, toads, salamanders and caecilians
have moved across the planet throughout time.
TAYLOR, E.H., 1969.--Miscellaneous Notes and Descriptions of New Forms of Caecilians
. The University of Kansas Science Bulletin, 48 (9): 281-296.
A large-scale phylogeny of Amphibia including over 2,800 species, and a revised classification of extant frogs, salamanders, and caecilians
. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61:543-583.
of Suriname) present an inventory of the Anurans and Caecilians
that comprise the northern South American country's fauna.
The Rhyacotritonidae and Sirenidae (Willett, 1965) have identical genital kidney duct morphologies that are different from all other salamanders but similar to that of caecilians
Believed to be descended from lobe-finned fishes, modern amphibians are divided into three groups--frogs and toads, salamanders, and caecilians
. Most prominent are the frogs and toads, which are grouped into 6000 species in 49 families.