A comparative study of locomotion in the caecilians
Dermophis mexicanus and Typhlonectes natans (Amphibia: Gymnophiona).
The retroarticular process, streptostyly and the caecilian
jaw closing system.
Greeney HF, Gelis RA, Funk WC (2008) Predation on Caecilians
(Caecilia orientalis) by Barred Hawks (Leucopternis princeps) depends on rainfall.
Palmera Snakes Prey abundances captured Bolivar, Maria La Baja: 0 None seen private palmera Bolivar, Maria La Baja: 0 A few lizards private palmera Casanare, Villanueva, 3 A few frogs Palmeras del Oriente Casanare, Villanueva, 0 A few frogs Palmera Santa Ana Casanare, Villanueva, 0 A few frogs Palmeras del Casanare Casanare, Villanueva, 3 Moderate, caecilians
finca Rio Grande Cesar, San Martin, Palmeras 2 Very few frogs & rodents de Cesar Cundinamarca, Paratebueno, 0 A few lizards Hda La Europa Meta, Barranca de Upia, 2 Some frogs Guaicaramo Meta, Cumaral, Hacienda La 4 Very scarce, few seen Cabana Meta, Villavicencio, 0 Moderate in amphibians Palmera Borrego Table 3.
Cranial Musculature in the Larva of the Caecilian
, Ichthyophis kohtaoensis (Lissamphibia: Gymnophiona).
of Suriname) present an inventory of the Anurans and Caecilians
that comprise the northern South American country's fauna.
The fossil Cretaceous and Cenozoic amphibian record of southern South America is restricted to anuran taxa, lacking records of caecilians
and salamanders (GASPARINI & BAEZ, 1974).
The Rhyacotritonidae and Sirenidae (Willett, 1965) have identical genital kidney duct morphologies that are different from all other salamanders but similar to that of caecilians
Believed to be descended from lobe-finned fishes, modern amphibians are divided into three groups--frogs and toads, salamanders, and caecilians
An appreciation of the physiology and morphology of the caecilians
Likewise, preserving more amphibian habitat--especially in Latin America, which has the largest number of threatened amphibian species, and the Caribbean, where upwards of 80 percent of amphibians are at risk--will be key to the survival of our frogs, toads, salamanders and caecilians
Amphibians occur in three main groups -- frogs and toads, salamanders and caecilians
to be the likely explanation for the presence of caecilians
on the Seychelles (Hass et al.
of Wroclaw, Poland) details the reproduction of amphibians in the three extant orders of caecilians
, salamanders, and frogs and toads, which differ not only in external morphology, she explains, but also in reproductive modes.
There are a number of reasons why frogs, toads, salamanders and wormlike caecilians
are in peril.