Dorsey did observe that since contact the Caddo had "maintained a friendly attitude towards the whites" and that the few remaining Caddos retained "practically nothing of their ancient culture" Nonetheless, and somewhat incongruously, he claimed that the "myths" he collected reflected their "religious system and ceremonial organization" Of the seventy accounts, Dorsey identified authors for fifty-six.
Perhaps the Caddos did not divulge information as readily as the Wichitas.
The information that White Bread provided for Dorsey's "Caddo Customs of Childhood" affords a deeper look at how the Caddos enacted their beliefs, including rituals around the sun.
His wife, Betty, came from Texas, along the Red and Neches River watersheds the Caddos had inhabited since pre-Columbian times.
By 1835 the United States had pressured the Louisiana Caddos to give up over a million acres and leave Louisiana in exchange for $80,000--an unfulfilled promise.
Through the Civil War and beyond, the Caddos struggled to find flood-free village sites and drought-resistant crops, while the purposeful depopulation of buffalo herds further diminished the Caddo food supply.
The Caddos fought back, and White Bread led the struggle against economic, political, and cultural attacks.
After attending a Ghost Dance on the Arapaho Reservation, Arapaho dance leader Sitting Bull gave White Bread and several other Caddos eagle feathers so they could lead the dance at their own dance grounds.
The Caddos of White Bread's generation had experienced an unwanted exodus from their homelands, and, like Dorsey, White Bread recognized the threat to his culture.
Yet the question remains: If both White Bread and Wing considered themselves Caddos, why did they have two distinct sun stories.
When the two brothers died, the Caddos lacked powerful medicine men for many years.
The Caddo Nation" Archaeological and Ethnohistorical Perspectives is a volume in the University of Texas Press' Texas Archaeology and Ethnohistory series edited by Thomas R.
The Caddo Nation" offers possible answers to questions of cultural maintenance and change as a consequence of contact with Europeans, a subject of much interest currently.
The author emphasizes the importance of archival and ethnohistorical records and documents which abound because of the placement of Caddo groups on the boundaries between Spanish and French and United States colonization.
The Caddo Nation" provides serious students a valuable tool for beginning to understand ancient southern Caddoan peoples.