His wife, Betty, came from Texas, along the Red and Neches River watersheds the Caddos had inhabited since pre-Columbian times.
By 1835 the United States had pressured the Louisiana Caddos to give up over a million acres and leave Louisiana in exchange for $80,000--an unfulfilled promise.
The Caddos fought back, and White Bread led the struggle against economic, political, and cultural attacks.
After attending a Ghost Dance on the Arapaho Reservation, Arapaho dance leader Sitting Bull gave White Bread and several other Caddos eagle feathers so they could lead the dance at their own dance grounds.
The Caddos of White Bread's generation had experienced an unwanted exodus from their homelands, and, like Dorsey, White Bread recognized the threat to his culture.
By shooting the deer that was half black and half white it was signified that there should be days and nights." In the late 1700s several Caddoan-speaking Wichita groups had moved south of the Red River into former Caddo homelands, where they maintained close ties to the Texas and Louisiana Caddos.
Despite their position that the Drum Dance represented an ancient tradition, Newkumet and Meredith themselves recognized a loss of knowledge among many Caddos during the twentieth century.
According to Newkumet and Meredith, the men began this dance, some drumming, others singing as they circled the dance ground, "clockwise, in harmony with the earth's movement." This dance allowed the Caddos to move "through their history each time the dance is performed." It made "them one with their ancestors." Newkumet and Meredith gave the drum cycle its Caddo name, Cah-kit-em'-bin.
"The Caddo Nation" Archaeological and Ethnohistorical Perspectives is a volume in the University of Texas Press' Texas Archaeology and Ethnohistory series edited by Thomas R.
"The Caddo Nation" offers possible answers to questions of cultural maintenance and change as a consequence of contact with Europeans, a subject of much interest currently.
The author emphasizes the importance of archival and ethnohistorical records and documents which abound because of the placement of Caddo groups on the boundaries between Spanish and French and United States colonization.
"The Caddo Nation" provides serious students a valuable tool for beginning to understand ancient southern Caddoan peoples.